Master and Miss Average

13th April 2007 at 01:00
Aspiring to be normal and conforming to what bitch Barbies and bully boys deem desirable is how many pupils survive school, research finds

THE ESSENTIAL rule for getting by in school is to be average. Do not stand out. Do what everyone else does. Try to look the same as everyone else.

Striving for normality is the only way to avoid the "bitch Barbies and bully boys" who stalk the school corridors, according to Wayne Mar-tino, of the University of Western Ontario, and Maria Pallotta-Chiarolli, of Deakin University in Victoria, Australia. The two academics interviewed 900 Australian teenagers in mixed and single-sex schools to demonstrate to international governments what pupils want from school. Their results are being presented this week at the American Educational Research Association conference in Chicago.

Most pupils spoke of the need to fit in. One 15-year-old boy said: "Being normal is the only thing to be. Average! Average everything. Size, taste, friends, values."

Often, this was achieved through self-regulation. One 14-year-old described how, when walking in school alone, he would worry that he had a lopsided walk and try to rectify it. Others felt that they were being monitored by the ultra-cool pupils the academics refer to as "bitch Barbies and bully boys". These pupils would create gender-based notions of desirability, to which they would hold others accountable.

More than a third of boys at single-sex schools talked about the need to live up to stereotypes of macho masculinity. "Some boys get called poofs - that's an issue," one 15-year-old said.

Almost twice as many pupils at all-girls schools talked about the bitchiness that could result from a failure to conform. While there were no boys at their schools, body-image norms often focused on what boys would like. These male expectations were policed by "rich, stuck-up, anorexic bitches" and "Britney Spears clones".

Such standards were maintained at mixed comprehensives, where girls felt their femininity was policed by pretty girls whose popularity was defined and regulated by popular boys. Others felt they were being judged by boys, who categorised them either as "tight bitch" Madonnas or "slut" whores.

Boys spoke about the need to be homophobic to reaffirm their masculinity. A 16-year-old said: "Boys have to be macho and brutal all the time. If they don't, they are considered a faggot or gay."

The researchers concluded that gender-based harassment and pressure to conform to preconceived notions of desirability were concerns for all pupils in all schools. Or, as one 16-year-old girl summarised: "School is just like the outside world: just as nice and just as cruel."

On-screen undesirables

Heathers (1989) Three girls named Heather form the most powerful clique at Westerberg High, along with Veronica (Winona Ryder). But when Veronica meets rebellious JD (Christian Slater), the Heathers start to commit suicide under mysterious circumstances.

Billy Elliot (2000)

Eleven-year-old Billy (Jamie Bell) is expected to enjoy boxing lessons at school with the other boys. But, instead, he prefers girls' ballet lessons.

His teacher arranges an audition at the Royal Ballet School, but Billy must contend with stereotypical expectations at home.

Elephant (2003)

Alex and Eric are isolated at Watt High school. They are repeatedly bullied for being different and for possibly being gay. Ultimately, they bring guns into school and murder their schoolmates one by one. As Eric stands over his headteacher with a rifle, he says: "Y'know, there are others out there like me."

Mean Girls (2004)

Raised in Africa by zoologist parents, Cady Heron (Lindsay Lohan) is unprepared for Regina and the Plastics, the popular clique at her new school. Initially, she plans to befriend Regina and expose her mean streak.

But instead she, too, becomes a mean girl.

Log-in as an existing print or digital subscriber

Forgotten your subscriber ID?


To access this content and the full TES archive, subscribe now.

View subscriber offers


Get TES online and delivered to your door – for less than the price of a coffee

Save 33% off the cover price with this great subscription offer. Every copy delivered to your door by first-class post, plus full access to TES online and the TES app for just £1.90 per week.
Subscribers also enjoy a range of fantastic offers and benefits worth over £270:

  • Discounts off TES Institute courses
  • Access over 200,000 articles in the TES online archive
  • Free Tastecard membership worth £79.99
  • Discounts with Zipcar,, Virgin Wines and other partners
Order your low-cost subscription today