Research notes

18th May 2001 at 01:00
Many excluded pupils have a parent who has been seriously ill or have suffered early separation from their mothers, new research suggests.

Pupils with poor cognitive and literacy skills and low self-esteem are also at greater risk of exclusion, judging by a 10-school study by educational psychologist Sue Rendall.

She concludes that schools which exclude a high number of pupils are likely t have a more negative ethos than those that rarely use this sanction.

High-exclusion schools tend to have poor teacher-pupil relationships, low pupil and teacher morale, few extra-curricular activities and inadequate information for parents, she says.

"Factors relating to School Exclusion: A Systemic Approach", by Sue Rendall, The Tavistock Centre, 120 Belsize Lane, London NW3.

Log-in as an existing print or digital subscriber

Forgotten your subscriber ID?


To access this content and the full TES archive, subscribe now.

View subscriber offers


Get TES online and delivered to your door – for less than the price of a coffee

Save 33% off the cover price with this great subscription offer. Every copy delivered to your door by first-class post, plus full access to TES online and the TES app for just £1.90 per week.
Subscribers also enjoy a range of fantastic offers and benefits worth over £270:

  • Discounts off TES Institute courses
  • Access over 200,000 articles in the TES online archive
  • Free Tastecard membership worth £79.99
  • Discounts with Zipcar,, Virgin Wines and other partners
Order your low-cost subscription today