Self-taught master of industrial age
These include A Philosopher lecturing on the Orrery and An Experiment on a Bird in an Air Pump. The orrery was a scientific instrument designed to show the workings of the solar system.
On the brink of the Industrial Revolution paintings like these show the wonder that was felt at the new scientific discoveries of the Enlightenment. They also broke new ground in British art introducing dramatic effects of light and shade and inserting new subject matter into the canon of what was considered great art.