Too close relations?
When Jill Penn, the wife of Bradford city council's chief executive, was appointed by the ruling Labour group to the governing body of a school where her grandchild is a pupil, the Conservatives cried foul. "It seems incredible she should have accepted it in the light of her husband's career," says Tory chief whip Anne Hawkesworth.
"There could be conflicts of interest and it could compromise the role of the chief executive as head of the paid service," says Tory group leader Margaret Eaton.
School governors are, after all, responsible for large amounts of council money. Governing bodies have big responsibilities overseeing the school. They may be under pressure to cut budgets or make staff redundant. Or they may want to go to outside contractors instead of buying into the council's in-house services. Would it therefore be more difficult for a governor to act in the best interests of the school if they are going home to someone working at policy-making level on behalf of the authority?
Mrs Penn robustly defends her position. She has, she points out, been a magistrate and a member of Bradford health authority, and is perfectly capable of forming her own judgments. She regards the objections as sexist.
"In any situation you have to do what you think is right. My priority as a governor is to do the best for the school. I'm very clear about my husband's role. I can't imagine a situation where his view would affect what I might do as a governor. We generally don't even discuss these things. I can't see any conflict of interest."
There is nothing in the law to prevent such an appointment (Cherie Booth, wife of Prime Minister Tony Blair, is a governor at a primary school in Islington, north London), though the regulations might require Mrs Penn to withdraw when certain matters involving the council are under discussion (see box).
Mr and Mrs Penn are, no doubt, able to exercise their judgments independently. But, as the Labour Government has found over the question of donations to party funds, appearances may matter, too. People will talk, and what they think, however unjustified, may be damaging to the council's reputation.
Ian Rule, secretary of the National Association of Governors and Managers, believes that, on the face of it, appointments like that of Mrs Penn are unwise. "As in so many things, it comes down to the people involved," he says. "There are lots of grey areas involving questions of judgment, and there will always be people ready to snipe."
WHAT THE LAW SAYS
Who you are married to can affect the decisions you are allowed to make as a governor.
Legally, governors must withdraw from any meeting where he or she has a direct or indirect interest in the matter being considered or where their spouses or other relatives who live with them have such an interest.
An indirect interest can include being a member (or the spouse of a member) of a company or any other body with a financial interest in the matter being considered.