c1200BC - Moses leads the Israelites out of Egypt.
c1000BC - The 12 tribes of Israel are united under King David (left).
c966BC - David's son Solomon becomes king. He builds a temple in Jerusalem.
c926BC - The kingdom splits into Israel and Judah.
c722BC - Israel is destroyed by the Assyrians.
c587BC - Judah is invaded by the Babylonians and thousands of Jews go into captivity in Babylon.
c516BC - The Persians conquer Babylon and the Jews are allowed to return and rebuild Jerusalem.
c322BC - The Jews are conquered by Alexander the Great.
c165BC - Judas Maccabeus revolts against the Seleucids, the ruling family that succeeded Alexander the Great. The story of this campaign is commemorated every year at Hanukah.
c63BC - Palestine becomes the Roman province of Judea.
cAD70 - Jerusalem is besieged by the Romans and the temple is destroyed.