Sixty-three per cent of teachers have considered leaving profession owing to pay concerns, an NEU teaching union pay survey shows.
The survey, of more than 25,000 members, found that 58 per cent of teachers say they are underpaid compared to other graduate professionals.
And less than half (49 per cent) had received the 2.75 per cent agreed by the Department for Education for 2019/20.
Kevin Courtney, joint-general secretary of the NEU, said: “Our findings demonstrate that low pay, denial of pay rises and an unfair progression system are obstacles to solving the teacher retention crisis.
"Pay is becoming more and more uncertain at a time when pupil numbers are rising, workload remains high, and the real-terms funding of schools is tightening. This will not make the profession attractive or ensure teachers stay in the profession.
“Our survey shows that teachers continue to be short-changed by the government’s alterations to the pay structure. Teachers need higher pay and more certainty about pay progression to encourage them to join and stay in teaching."