How to grasp the research on reading comprehension

Pick the right strategy and it can lead to significant progress, write Lee Elliot Major and Steve Higgins

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There are many effective strategies to help children understand what they read: inferring meaning from the wider context of written materials, summarising or identifying key points in texts, using graphic or semantic organisers, developing questioning strategies, as well as teaching pupils to monitor their own comprehension and identify difficulties for themselves.

These approaches, if delivered well, can improve learning, on average, by an extra five months’ progress over a school year. They are particularly effective for older readers (aged 8 or above) and pupils who are not making expected ...

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