Knowledge doesn’t always help learning
While prior knowledge is often an excellent tool to support further learning, it can sometimes be a hindrance, too, finds Christian Bokhove
I often play a collaborative computer game with my family called Knowledge is Power. The basic premise of the game is that you have to answer general knowledge questions to gain points. But built into the game are lots of ways to obstruct your opponents. So, even if the adults in the room have more background knowledge than younger players, there is balance in the gameplay because of all kinds of other variables.
I was recently reminded of this game when I read a new meta-review by Simonsmeier and colleagues (2021). In it, they look at the “Knowledge is Power (KiP) hypothesis”, which builds ...