Think outside of the box to provide genuine inclusion

Beware that attempts to be inclusive with SEND pupils can sometimes lead to exclusion in practice, writes Margaret Mulholland

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“Which one research paper, study or blog post on SEND and inclusion should everybody read?”

When I saw this tweet on my timeline back in May, I immediately knew my answer: Lani Florian and Kristine Black-Hawkins’ work on inclusive pedagogy (2011).

All too often, I see well-intentioned colleagues pitching their teaching to most of the class and then doing something different for some of the children; the “complex” ones. In our teaching school alliance, we call this “doughnut planning”: planning for most of the pupils, the typical edible circle, while leaving the non-typical SEND learners in ...

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