They could gain points worth a sixth of an A-level under a scheme to be debated by the Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS) and the Government's exam quangos later this summer.
At present, students are only awarded points after completing A-level courses.
But every A-level has been revised and will consist of six modules from September.
A group of leadin mathematicians has demanded that sixth- formers receive points for every module of the A-level maths course that they complete.
The Mathematical Association believes this credit - worth up to 20 points per module, or one-sixth of an A-level - is needed to encourage more students to study sixth-form maths.
UCAS and the Qualifications and Curriculum Authority have agreed to consider the association's proposal at a meeting with the Department for Education and Employment later this summer and will rule on the issue by the end of August.