The marks needed to reach the expected standard in the reading, maths and spelling, punctuation and grammar (Spag) Sats tests were revealed today.
Around 600,000 10 and 11-year-olds took the tests in May.
Live blog: Sats results 2019
The Department for Education has revealed that pupils needed at least 28 marks out of 50 to reach the expected standard in reading. Last year, pupils needed a score of 28.
In maths, pupils needed 58 out of 110 to reach the expected standard. Last year, pupils needed 61.
In Spag, pupils needed 36 out of 70 to reach the expected standard. Last year, pupils needed 38.
Pupils' raw scores are converted to a scaled score between 80 and 120, in which 100 represents the expected standard.
Scaled scores are used to enable accurate comparisons of performance over time.
The pass marks are revealed in conversion tables that show how each raw score corresponds to a scaled score.