Teaching for mastery in primary maths

Year 2
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Autumn
Autumn
Spring
Summer
All Topics

Multiplication and division

• Year group: Year 2
• Term: Autumn
• Topic: Multiplication and division
• Duration: 1 weeks
• Keystage: KS1
• Age Range: 6 to 7 yrs
• Unit can be taught out of sequence: N
• Week Range: 11

In this chapter, pupils demonstrate that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative), but that division of one number by another cannot.

Pupils develop fluency with multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 times tables. They represent and make connections between these tables using concrete objects and pictures. They connect the 10 times table to their understanding of place value (eg, that 3 tens are equal to 30).

Pupils read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving multiplication (×), division (÷) and the equals sign (=). They secure their understanding of the concepts of multiplication and division using manipulatives and pictorial representations, and further develop this through problem solving.

Problems either relate to the grouping and sharing of discrete and continuous quantities, or show that multiplication is the same as repeated addition or that the multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) but that division of one number by another cannot. They begin to relate these problems to fractions and measures (eg, 40 ÷ 2 = 20, 20 is a half of 40). They use commutativity and inverse calculations to develop multiplicative reasoning (eg, 4 × 5 = 20 and 20 ÷ 5 = 4).

It is important that pupils use objects and representations as opportunities to deepen understanding of multiplication and division, rather than as a crutch to solve problems. They should be encouraged to use mathematical vocabulary to describe their actions.

Resources for this topic

White Rose Maths

Multiplication and division

A collection of worded problems. Children should have access to concrete objects to explain their calculations.

Reasoning - Problem Solving - Number (KS1) and Fractions (KS2) - March 4th

Today's problems are ones that involve multiplication in KS1 and fractions in KS2.

In the KS1 problem students have to find the values that a symbol represents and in the second question has to find four different ways of writing the same calculation.

At KS2 the questions are on fractions..

Every day in March the White Rose Maths Hub is aiming to put out a question of the day.

Tweet us @WRMathsHub a picture of your children's answers for a chance to win a prize.

Mathematics Mastery

Multiplication and division

Select ‘View more’ for an accompanying video.

Enabling teachers to continuously develop their practice is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery Programme.

This CPD video provides step-by-step guidance on multiplication and division.

Our videos aim to:

• Model teaching tips, techniques and clarify how to make connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract representations
• Support the teaching of different methods and concepts, rather than focusing on one method only
• Enhance subject knowledge and support non-specialists

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

Multiplication and division

Encouraging pupils to calculate flexibly is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery programme.

This practical teaching guide helps you develop your pupils to apply their number sense when problem-solving and make connections between calculation strategies.

This guide exemplifies a teaching approach for multiplication and division.

• The CPA approach should be incorporated to support pupils in making connections between calculation strategies
• Teachers can use this guidance to encourage flexible mathematical thinking

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and or join an information session.

Multiplication and division

Select ‘View more’ for an accompanying video.

Enabling teachers to continuously develop their practice is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery Programme.

This CPD video provides step-by-step guidance on multiplication and division.

Our videos aim to:

• Model teaching tips, techniques and clarify how to make connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract representations
• Support the teaching of different methods and concepts, rather than focusing on one method only
• Enhance subject knowledge and support non-specialists

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

Multiplication and division

Select ‘View more’ for an accompanying video.

Enabling teachers to continuously develop their practice is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery Programme.

This CPD video provides step-by-step guidance on multiplication and division.

Our videos aim to:

• Model teaching tips, techniques and clarify how to make connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract representations
• Support the teaching of different methods and concepts, rather than focusing on one method only
• Enhance subject knowledge and support non-specialists

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

Resources shared by teachers

Year 2 - Multiplication and Division - Week 11

This pack of resources covers Year 2 multiplication and division for the 11th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 11 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Recognising and making equal groups
- The multiplication symbol
- Multiplication from pictures

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

Year 2 - Multiplication and Division - Week 12

This pack of resources covers Year 2 multiplication and division for the 12th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 12 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Using Arrays
- 2 times-table
-5 times-table
-10 times-table

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

Times Tables Homework Grids

For children to use at home, to learn their multiplication tables from 2 to 12. Homework Grids: The first sheet can be used as either an initial assessment sheet or a timed game for those who are more able. The final sheet is for children to choose their own tables to practise on a smaller scale. Challenge Grids: An extension, to practise times tables out of order, once children are confident with them in order.

Times/multiplication table origami fortune tellers - Word and PDF!

Printable origami fortune tellers for learning/revising the 2x, 3x, 4x, 5x, 6x, 7x, 8x, 9x, 10x, 11x and 12x tables. Also includes an editable template for creating your own fortune tellers. The video quickly explains how to fold and use the fortune tellers.

Loop Cards - division and multiplication

Visual and Kinaesthetic Activity for use as a starter, mini or final plenary based on topic of Loop Cards - division and multiplication