# Teaching for mastery in primary maths

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## Shape and patterns

• Year group: Year 2
• Term: Spring
• Topic: Geometry
• Duration: 3 weeks
• Keystage: KS1
• Age Range: 6 to 7 yrs
• Unit can be taught out of sequence: Y
• Week Range: 5 - 7

In this chapter, pupils compare, sort, identify and describe the properties of 2D and 3D shapes.

Although comparing, sorting, ordering and arranging shapes and everyday objects is the formal focus in this chapter, these activities should be integrated throughout learning both within mathematics and beyond in pupils’ everyday lives at home and school.

Pupils handle and name a wide variety of common 2D and 3D shapes, including quadrilaterals, polygons, cuboids, prisms and cones. They identify the properties of each shape and compare and sort them on this basis, using language such as “sides”, “edges”, “vertices” and “faces”.

When it comes to 2D shapes, pupils identify and describe various properties, including the number of sides and lines of symmetry. For 3D shapes, they identify and describe properties, such as the number of edges, vertices and faces. Later, they identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D ones (eg, a circle on a cylinder), as well as draw 2D shapes and create 3D ones.

Pupils describe repeating patterns made up of shapes, symbols and numbers. They order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences, including shapes in different orientations. The patterns they create may be repeating, symmetrical, increasing or decreasing. The more creative, the better!

## Resources for this topic

### White Rose Maths

#### Shape and pattern

Direct link to our Y2 scheme.

#### Shape and pattern

Y2 shape and pattern.

### Mathematics Mastery

#### Shape and patterns

Enabling pupils to develop their mathematical reasoning skills through independent work is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery programme.

This activity explores the concept of shape and patterns.

• Pupils should complete these tasks using concrete manipulatives as part of the CPA approach
• Pupils should be encouraged to explain their working in full sentences
• These tasks may be adapted with pupils working in pairs to encourage mathematical discussion

Like what you see? Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

#### Shape and patterns

Deepening pupils’ understanding of key mathematical ideas is a core element of the Mathematics Mastery programme.

Our Key Constructs highlight the essential mathematical concepts all pupils are expected to grasp within each year group, with accompanying guidance for assessing pupil progress.

Our Key Constructs are closely aligned to the National Curriculum’s objectives. We know these can be tricky to evidence, so we’ve included an example task for each concept, as well as ideas to support slower-graspers and depth tasks to challenge higher-attaining pupils.

• Pupils should work through the tasks independently
• Teachers should incorporate the CPA approach to support pupils’ learning
• Opportunities for depth and scaffolding are built into each task

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

### Resources shared by teachers

#### Year 2 - Properties of Shape - Spring - Week 5

This pack of resources covers Year 2 geometry for the 5th week of the Spring term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 5 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Recognising 2D and 3D shapes
- Counting sides
- Counting vertices
- Drawing 2D shapes
- Reasoning and problem solving cards

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

#### Year 2 - Properties of Shape - Spring - Week 6

This pack of resources covers Year 2 geometry for the 6th week of the Spring term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 6 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Sorting 2D shapes
- Patterns with 2D shapes
- Lines of Symmetry
- Counting faces on 3D shapes
- Reasoning and problem solving cards

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

#### Year 2 - Properties of Shape - Spring - Week 7

This pack of resources covers Year 2 geometry for the 7th week of the Spring term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 7 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Counting edges on 3D shapes
- Counting vertices on 3D shapes
- Sort 3D shapes
- Patterns with 3D shapes
- Reasoning and problem solving cards

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

#### Year 2 - Properties of Shape - Spring - Weeks 5 - 7

This bundle of resources covers Year 2 multiplication and division for weeks 11 to 12 of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

The bundle contains 3 packs, one for each week. And each pack contains 5 resources, one for each day.

The packs cover the White Rose Maths small steps for properties of shape.

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

#### Patterns powerpoint.

Here is a power point to share with pupils about repeating patterns filled with lots of whole carpet teaching activities. Includes shape, colour and number patterns. I have now added some additional wksheets linked to colour and number patterns

#### Year 1 Repeating Patterns (castles link)

Children have to design artwork using repeating patterns to decorate a castle. HA are exctended by predicting the patterns and using ordinal numbers (eg. what will the 8th shape be in this pattern?)