White Rose Maths Hub scheme of work

Year 4
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Year 6
Autumn
Autumn
Spring
Summer
All Topics

Four-digit addition and subtraction

  • Year group: Year 4
  • Term: Autumn
  • Topic: Addition and subtraction
  • Duration: 3 weeks
  • Keystage: KS2
  • Age Range: 8 to 9 yrs
  • Unit can be taught out of sequence: N
  • Week Range: 5 - 7

In this chapter, pupils use estimation and inverse operations to check answers to calculations.

Building on learning from the relevant place value chapter, pupils consolidate their recognition of four-digit numbers (ie, in thousands, hundreds, tens and ones), as well as the connection between concrete, pictorial and formal methods. Accordingly, pupils add and subtract numbers with up to four-digits using formal written methods, such as columnar addition and subtraction, where appropriate.

Pupils solve increasingly complex problems with more than one step. Many of the problems are set in authentic, real-life contexts and require pupils to use representations (eg, bar modelling) to decide which operations and methods to use. They should be able to explain why they chose a particular method.

 Download all addition and subtraction chapters as a PDF 

Resources for this topic

White Rose Maths

Addition and subtraction up to 4 digits

This worksheet and problem cards will help students get a deeper understanding of addition and subtraction with up to 4 digits.
By WRMaths

Addition & subtraction - 4 digits

Direct link to our Y4 scheme.
By WRMaths

Mathematics Mastery

Four-digit addition and subtraction

Select ‘View more’ for an accompanying video.

Enabling teachers to continuously develop their practice is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery Programme.

This CPD video provides step-by-step guidance on four-digit addition and subtraction.

Our videos aim to:

• Model teaching tips, techniques and clarify how to make connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract representations
• Support the teaching of different methods and concepts, rather than focusing on one method only
• Enhance subject knowledge and support non-specialists

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

By Mathematics Mastery

Four-digit addition and subtraction

Select ‘View more’ for an accompanying video.

Enabling teachers to continuously develop their practice is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery Programme.

This CPD video provides step-by-step guidance on four-digit addition and subtraction.

Our videos aim to:

• Model teaching tips, techniques and clarify how to make connections between concrete, pictorial and abstract representations
• Support the teaching of different methods and concepts, rather than focusing on one method only
• Enhance subject knowledge and support non-specialists

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

By Mathematics Mastery

Resources shared by teachers

Year 4 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 5

This pack of resources covers Year 4 addition and subtraction for the 5th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 5 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Adding and Subtracting 1s, 10s, 100s and 1,000s
- Adding 4-digits with no exchage
- Problem solving cards

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.
By RustyMaths

Year 4 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 6

This pack of resources covers Year 4 addition and subtraction for the 6th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 6 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Addition with exchange
- Subtraction with exchange
- Addition and Subtraction Top Trumps

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

By RustyMaths

Year 4 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 7

This pack of resources covers Year 4 addition and subtraction for the 7th week of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

Week 7 includes worksheets and activities on:
- Subtraction with exchange
- Efficient subtraction
- Inverse operations
- Multiple choice questions
- Addition and subtraction end of topic assessment

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.
By RustyMaths

Year 4 - Addition and Subtraction - Week 5 - 7

This bundle of resources covers Year 4 addition and subtraction for weeks 5 to 7 of the autumn term. The resources support a mastery approach to teaching mathematics. CPA (Concrete-Pictorial-Abstract) is promoted throughout therefore ensuring you have appropriate concrete resources in your classroom is recommended to make full use of the packs.

The bundle contains 5 packs, one for each week. And each pack contains 5 resources, one for each day.

I hope you find the resources useful. Feedback very welcome.

By RustyMaths

column addition Year 4~ Check Ben's work!

Be the teacher and mark Ben's homework using column addition. Show how you would do it, then work out how many he will get right.
By joel140907

Deliberate column subtraction mistakes

A worksheet with a set of 8 column subtraction calculations, each with a different deliberate mistake (all except number 5, which is correct).

I searched the internet for something like this and couldn't find one. So I had to make it.

It's a PDF, I'm afraid, since it was easier for me to write them out by hand than work out how to do it on a computer.

Also I didn't do an answer sheet. But then you're maths teachers, so I'm sure you'll manage to work them out !

By marrog

Four digit Addition Math Station

This 30 problem adding puzzle is ideal for engaging math center work, with problems that are all four digit plus four digit, some with regrouping.

This puzzle can be used by small groups, partners, or individual students. Also works great for those fast finishers! The individual triangles form a self checking hexagon shape once all the problems are solved. You could also use the included interactive notebook page as a summative or formative assessment.

I always get a cheer when these come out, definite class favorites!
By msbatkinsclass