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Long multiplication and short division

  • Year group: Year 6
  • Term: Autumn
  • Topic: Multiplication and division
  • Duration: 1 weeks
  • Keystage: KS2
  • Age Range: 10 to 11 yrs
  • Unit can be taught out of sequence: N
  • Week Range: 4

In this chapter, pupils use formal written methods to multiply and divide numbers with up to four digits by a two-digit whole number.

Pupils use the formal written method of long division and interpret remainders as appropriate to the context. They may be whole numbers, fractions or rounded.

Long multiplication and long division should be used only when mental methods or informal jottings are the least efficient options.

 Download all multiplication and division chapters as a PDF 

Resources for this topic

White Rose Maths

Short division - with remainders

Practice on problems involving short division with a remainder.
By WRMaths

Short division

A selection of varied practise and problem cards to help children deepen their understanding of short division without remainders.
By WRMaths

Long multiplication

This selection of activities and worksheets will give children some varied practice to help embed the concept.
By WRMaths

Mathematics Mastery

Long multiplication and long division

Mathematical discussion is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery programme.
Talk Tasks are a brilliant way of enabling pupils to develop their mathematical language, thinking, understanding and confidence.
This activity explores the concept of long multiplication and long division.
• Talk tasks are best completed in mixed attainment pairs, with pupils taking turns to listen and construct arguments
• Emphasis is on discussion rather than the solution, encouraging pupils to use key language and talk in full sentences
• Ask pupils to prove their answers in a variety of ways, using the CPA approach to support mathematical understanding and number sense

Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.
By Mathematics Mastery

Long multiplication and long division

Mathematical discussion is a key element of the Mathematics Mastery programme.
Talk Tasks are a brilliant way of enabling pupils to develop their mathematical language, thinking, understanding and confidence.
This activity explores the concept of long multiplication and long division.
• Talk tasks are best completed in mixed attainment pairs, with pupils taking turns to listen and construct arguments
• Emphasis is on discussion rather than the solution, encouraging pupils to use key language and talk in full sentences
• Ask pupils to prove their answers in a variety of ways, using the CPA approach to support mathematical understanding and number sense


Like what you see?

Mathematics Mastery is a professional development programme for teachers with a mission to transform mathematics education in the UK.

This task is just a taster of the complete classroom resources we offer. We also provide in-depth development training, online CPD, specialist support and assessment tools.

We believe all elements of our programme are vital in creating lasting change – enabling every child to enjoy and succeed in mathematics.

Want to find out more? Check out our free resources and blogs or join an information session.

By Mathematics Mastery

Resources shared by teachers

Long Multiplication Hotel Design Activity

Created and used with a LA Year 5 numeracy group, but can be easily adapted by changing the criteria and prices. Working in pairs, chn had to decide on rooms, decor and additional luxuries for their hotel. To work out the total prices they had to use their long multiplication skills they had been learning that week. Chn found this challenging, but really enjoyed it.
By selinaj

Long Multiplication Treasure Hunt

This treasure hunt is differentiated. The green cards contain 1 digit x 3 digit number multiplication. The amber cards contain 2 digit x 3 digit number multiplication. The red cards contain 2 digit x 4 digit multiplication. Pupils can start on any card, complete the question and then try to find the answer on another card.
By jad518nexus

Long Division Formal Method

This powerpoint presents examples of long division using a formal method. The powerpoint is animated with colour matching numbers. The examples include 3 digit divided by 2 digit numbers, as well as a 4 digit divided by a 2 digit number. The final slide shows an example of a quicker method (bus stop).
By jad518nexus