AQA A Level History Russia Lenin Guide

AQA A Level History Russia Lenin Revision Guide
Component 2N Revolution and dictatorship: Russia, 1917–1953

-Russia Background
-February 1917
-October Revolution
-Did Lenin consolidate his power? (Oct 1917 - Mar 1918)
-Civil War + Foreign Interventions
-How successful was Lenin as a leader?

Includes extra research.

The default preview is not working so here is a sample of the Economy section:
What was the economy like beforehand?
+trans-siberian railway
+growth rate of 8%
+produced coal, pig iron and oil
+growing cities in the baku area

-no form of income tax for the peasants
-long hours and low pay for the workers -witte had attempted to reform the eco but held back by 3x foreign investments, resulting in debts.
-stolypin set up peasant land bank and allowed peasants to leave the mir.
-had only outlawed redemption payments by 1907.
-industrialising v late, optimist and pessimist pov.

State Capitalism
+oct 1917 - l had to deal w existing tsarist eco. state capitalism was halfway between cap and soc. many bol did not agree and thought industries should be nationalised
+dec 1917 - veshenkha set up and nationalised banks
+june 1918 - nationalised exports
+sept 1918 - nationalised railways
+1920 - goelro set up to organise electricity production and supply. -workers began to steal from stock and equipment to set up own black market

-workers would give themselves huge pay rises. they became looters and gained control of the factories, which actually led to a decline in production and a shrinking of the working class, therefore an anti-bolshevik sentiment.
-shortage of raw materials w low industrial output
-early months of bol rule not easy therefore not a priority
-abandoned in 1918 to usher in war communism.
-lenin betrayed his ideology by relying on tech to undo the deep rooted social problems, trying to replace peasant icons with “little ilich lamps” and the torches of enlightenment.

War Communism
+military style control of railway, therefore defeating czech legion and using trotsky’s train. agitprop.
+geared for civil war under vesenkha dec 1917, therefore greater awareness of munitions. -due to food supplies dictatorship, ad hoc food supply groups forming, gathering in the kombedy/comm of the poor villages. but really they kept the grain for themselves and it did not extend urban support for the bolsheviks. in december 1918 they were disbanded and blasted as ‘middle’ peasantry units.

-cheka used to maintain control.



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