A full lesson on the topic of muscles. The lesson is based on the Activate 1 SOW (B2.6) but can be used for others. The lesson includes a competitive game based on the recall of information and a whiteboard quiz. The plenary is based on student reflection on their progress against the learning objectives. PowerPoint animations and timers are included to facilitate self/peer mediated correction and to promote pace respectively.
KS3 new for the Activate resource "Structure and Function" module
This series or resources is based heavily on the attached booklet I made
I take credit for the presentation and structure but not for all the images and source materials
Time for some muscle building! Children look at joints in the human body and the movements that each allow before looking at how muscles control every move we make. Models are constructed to show how pairs of antagonistic muscles pull to work together.
Suitable for Y4 pupils.
Find other lesson plans and resources at www.hamilton-trust.org.uk.
Save 35% by buying this bundle of resources on muscle structure and function tailored to content at A-level.
A detailed PowerPoint outlining muscle structure, the sarcomere and the full sliding filament model of muscle action.
A detailed cut and stick activity in which students must sequence the events in a single powerstroke of a myosin head.
A single sided worksheet of simple questions on the sarcomere and its structure.
A double sided revision sheet/knowledge organiser to help students summarise the whole topic.
Muscles: KS2 Science Teaching Resource
In this science teaching resource pupils are introduced to the functions of muscles. This engaging 40 slide PowerPoint presentation is an ideal resource to use in a lesson covering the year 3 science curriculum objective:
Animals, including humans
- identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement
- why we need muscles
- explanation of the different types of muscles and their functions (skeletal, smooth, cardiac)
- link to an introductory video
- an explanation of how muscles help us to move
- an explanation of how muscles work in pairs (triceps and biceps) and accompanying animation
- an explanation of the main muscles of the body and accompanying activity
- a muscles quiz
- three worksheets
'Muscles' can be edited giving teachers the freedom to adapt the resource to suit the needs of each class they teach.
Describe how muscles, joints and bones work to move your body
Other Broader/Cross-curricular links – PSHE/Body/Self, PE, sports science
Starter: Have a think: are muscles like elastic bands? | Dispel misconceptions, ask them to think about models
Recap on bones, joints, ligaments, tendons.
Shoulder blade = scapula
Functions of bones are – protection, support
Where a bone meets (joint)
Softer bit on the end of the bone (cartilage)
The cushioning liquid on a join (synovial fluid)
Connects bone to bone (ligaments)
Muscle to bone (tendon)
Revision Worksheet & Questions
Muscles –long and stretchy?
Animation / video of muscle
Muscle fibre ‘model’. Can change shape. Remind about Antagonistic Pair
Is an elastic band a good model? How would you better represent a muscle?
Cardiac –heart, what is special about it?
Tendons can’t, ligaments can’t muscles can
Types of muscle - smooth, skeletal, cardiac
Match type of muscle worksheet + stick in book
Slide w/Q: What would happen if our skeletal muscles were replaced by tendons? (so heart still works etc!) – couldn’t move
Get them to write and articulate.
What would happen if all skeletal muscles were replaced by cardiac muscles?
Ext: if you need to make a muscle bunch up and get shorter, what do you need to use up? (energy)
How many muscles will you use on the way to break now?
To have them thinking that they use muscles to move and realise/value what they have learned.
A PPT with information regarding the 2 types of fibres. Students collect information about the fibres from around the room (included in PPT) and complete a table stating the differences. They can then use their knowledge to predict the types of fibres found in different animal muscles. There is an exam question and mark scheme to determine understanding of subject material.
I have included the lesson plan I provided when I was observed so feel free to tweak it to suit your group.
Revision mat for KS3 science topic "skeletal and muscle systems". Includes revision on the structure and function of the skeletal system, how antagonistic muscles work in pairs and calculating force applied by muscles. Contains a completed mat.
GCSE Physical Education (9-1)
Suitable for new GCSE PE Specification
Introduction into the different types of muscles situated in the body and the names (and locations) of the major skeletal ones.
Understand the main types of muscles
Describe the different types of muscles and their location in the body
Explain the importance of muscles in terms of health and fitness
Table to complete of where major muscles are located