Nazca Lines (1), Copán (2), The Aztec calendar (3) - thematic units - SP Beginners 2
Three contextualized thematic units for adolescents and adults.

The indigenous cultures of Central and South America PLUS reading, basic vocabulary and grammar.

Unit 1. Copán; una ciudad maya
The unit on the Maya reviews numbers in two different formats: the Maya and ours. Ours is based on 10, theirs on 5. Discover how pyramids are built, or shall we say layered. Yes, layered.

Unit 2. El calendario azteca
The Aztec Calendar. The fact that some calendars are round and others are rectangles shows the diversity of our world. It does not matter whether we divide the year into 20 months or 12 months, we will end up with the same number of days. How is this possible? This unit underlines the fact that we are all inhabitants of the same planet. Learning that there can be several ways of describing the same facts is important!

Unit 3. Las misteriosas Líneas de Nasca
You can only see the Nazca lines if you fly above them. So it was only in the era of the airplane that they were discovered. Why were they made? Here is a real mystery that still needs to be solved. This unit reviews the vocabulary of animals and body parts. Please note the spelling of Nazca. In Peru the Spanish spelling is now Nasca.

All Miraflores resources are entirely in the target language: Spanish.

Read all three units by clicking on Preview.


1. Subject matter: Mayas, Aztecs; Nazca and other cultures
2. Vocabulary: numbers; days, weeks and year; body
3. Grammar: adverbs of place; tener; articles
4. Oral practice: other calendars; extraterrestrials
5. Homework: other calendars; mysteries
6. Internet: key words for Net search
7. Model tests
8. Teacher's guide

For example, take the Aztec calendar known as the Piedra del Sol.

The Piedra del Sol is in the Archeological Museum in Mexico City. Have you seen it? It is huge and there are always groups of school children and tourists milling around, photographing and pointing. It isn´t surprising we are fascinated by this huge round stone calendar. Our ancestors looked up to the sky to count the days and months. We have 12 months, the Aztecs 20. Some of our months have 30 days, others 31, one 28. The Aztec months are different. But it is the same universe so there are always 364 days, except of course leap years... Such fun.
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Created: Jan 24, 2016

Updated: Feb 22, 2018


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