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LSE Library

Documenting change in British society and politics. Learning resources based on our primary source material, mainly on reform and records of social and political history from the late nineteenth to the early twenty-first centuries.

Documenting change in British society and politics. Learning resources based on our primary source material, mainly on reform and records of social and political history from the late nineteenth to the early twenty-first centuries.
The Welfare State 1900-1948 KS3
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The Welfare State 1900-1948 KS3

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These notes and lesson presentations /plans are informed by the London School of Economics and Political Science Library exhibition on the Welfare State in 2018 that marked the 75th anniversary of the Beveridge Report. In December 1942 the government released a report authored by Sir William Beveridge in which he wrote “A revolutionary moment in the world's history is a time for revolutions, not for patching”. His report laid the foundations for Britain’s post war welfare state while the world was still at war. The exhibition took the Beveridge Report as its starting point but looked at how welfare provision has been shaped and changed through the ages. Images and textual evidence are mainly taken from the heritage collections in the London School of Politics and Economics (LSE). Links or image information are provided when different archival sources are used. This is an open access resource under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any non-commercial medium, provided the original work is properly cited. These notes and powerpoint presentations, including slides that can be turned into class worksheets or activities, are written to support key stage 3 History. They follow topics in the National Curriculum section: Challenges for Britain, Europe and the wider world 1901 to the present day They can be taught together for an in-depth topic around social reform and the ‘Creation of the Welfare State’. Or taught separately to cover (A) social reform in the 1900s, (B) the Great Depression and the impact on Britain, and (C) the creation of the Welfare State.
The Beveridge Report and the Creation of the Welfare State
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The Beveridge Report and the Creation of the Welfare State

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In December 1942 the government released a report authored by Sir William Beveridge in which he wrote “A revolutionary moment in the world’s history is a time for revolutions, not for patching”. His report laid the foundations for Britain’s post war welfare state while the world was still at war. This resource is based on an exhibition that was held in the Library Gallery at the London School of Politics and Economics in January – April 2018 to mark the 75th anniversary of the publication of the Beveridge Report and the 70th anniversary of the Welfare State. Images and textual evidence for this resource are taken from the heritage collections in the Library of the London School of Politics and Economics (LSE). William Beveridge’s papers are held in LSE Library as are papers belonging to numerous politicians, activists and campaigning groups. Transcripts and images of original documents are provided on the powerpoint slides and the teachers’ notes provide support contextual and background information. These resources can assist with learning activities around the understanding of causes and consequences, making links between different perspectives and awareness of the roles of different individuals, ideologies groups and ideas. References are made to the perspectives of historians writing on this area and finish with different historiographic approaches. Supports aspects of the schemes of work for: • Edexcel Paper 1, Option 1 H: Britain Transformed, 1918 – 1997. Theme 2: Creating a Welfare State • AQA 1G Challenge and Transformation: Britain c. 1851 – 1964. The impact of the Second World War on British politics – The Labour Landslide of 1945 and Developments in social policy – the Beveridge Report • AQA 2M Wars and Welfare: Britain in Transition, 1906 – 1957. Part Two. The Emergence of the affluent society; Section 2: the People’s War and Peace, 1939-1951. The social and cultural impact of ‘total’ war – the Blitz and plans for reconstruction.
Family Functions: The role of Women's Liberation
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Family Functions: The role of Women's Liberation

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The presentation presents Caroline Norton in Victorian Britain and the Women’s Liberation Movement in the 1970s as two case studies around campaigns to change the conditions of marriage. The first concentrated on establishing laws that a married woman was a person who could have her own income and access to her children. The second was on overthrowing the social and personal conditions that feminists argued oppressed women and towards gender equality in the UK. Family Functions can be used to look at the changing role of women in GCSE Religious Studies, Sociology and History. Curriculum links: • GCSE Religious Studies AQA 3.2.1 Theme A: Relationships and Families – Gender Equality; Religious Studies OCR J625 Relationships and Families / Challenges to religion – Secular attitudes / legal changes to marriage, divorce and gender roles within families in Britain. • GCSE Sociology AQA 3.3 Families – Conjugal role relationships and feminist views • GCSE History AQA BB Britain: Power and the people: Part 4. Equality and Rights – Women’s Rights. These are general background notes on to assist with the powerpoint and PDF print of the 1975 Why be A Wife Campaign leaflet. They do not follow the presentation exactly but assist with giving a wider context so you can adapt / use the powerpoint as you want to. This is resource was produced in tandem with our Spring 2020 exhibition Social Revolution: women’s liberation and gay liberation in the 1970s and 80s, marking 50 years since the beginnings of two significant social movements in the UK: the first women’s liberation conference in Oxford and the first UK meeting of the Gay Liberation Front at LSE.
Women in World War One: Endell Street Military Hospital
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Women in World War One: Endell Street Military Hospital

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Th PowerPoint presentation is based on the Endell Street – Women’s Military Hospital Project, which concentrates on the changing role of women from the 1900s to 1920, with a particular emphasis on women’s contribution to medicine and work in World War One. They contain primary sources from the Women’s Library. Aimed at Key stage 3 students but can be adapted for Key Stage 4. Produced by Digital Drama.
Streets of London 1870-1900
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Streets of London 1870-1900

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Mapping life in Victorian Covent Garden Curriculum links: KS3 History – Industry, Empire and Social Change 1745-1901: Social Pyramid, Leisure time, Streets, Philanthropy (Charles Booth) KS3 Geography – Human Environment: Urban Change This resource includes primary source documents - photographs and maps - that can be used to support historical enquiry. They can be used to ask and answer questions about poverty, philanthropy and leisure in the Victorian period.
Plagiarism and Referencing: EPQ
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Plagiarism and Referencing: EPQ

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A explanatory guide to Plagiarism and Referencing using the Harvard method for students doing an Extended Project Qualification. It is based on sessions LSE Library delivery to undergraduate students but tweaked for EPQ. It gives students clear examples of plagiarism and takes them through how to reference books, journal articles and internet sites.
William Beveridge, Unemployment and Broadcasting in the 1930s
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William Beveridge, Unemployment and Broadcasting in the 1930s

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Primary Sources to understand responses in the period to unemployment and the development of broadcast media in Britain for AS / A-Level History. Curriculum Links: AQA History – Wars and Welfare: Britain in Transition, 1906 – 1957 (Social and cultural impact of the Depression and radio in the 1930s) and Challenge and Transformation: Britain 1851-1964 (Growth of Media, Depression, and Condition of the working classes). Pearson Edexcel History – Route H: Democracies in Change: Britain and the USA in the twentieth century- changing quality of life and Paper 3 Option 34.2: Poverty, public health and the state in Britain, c 1780 – 1939. Depression and the Dole. A presentation and teachers notes with more information with original sources and background information: archival sources from LSE Collections: pointers can be given on using historical evidence and evaluating it for more depth background information is provided in the notes can recap on what they have learnt on unemployment in the UK in the 1930s links to changing role of women in society Can use to introduce Beveridge and some of the motivations behind The Beveridge Report, 1942
Significant People: William Beveridge  Or ‘Why don’t we pay to see a doctor?
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Significant People: William Beveridge Or ‘Why don’t we pay to see a doctor?

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A look at the life of William Beveridge, Baron Beveridge (1879-1963) who was a social reformer and architect of the Beveridge Report, which led to the National Health Service and welfare state. Includes a powerpoint, teachers notes with ideas for activities and flashcards and a telegram template. Curriculum links for Key Stage One History: Significant People and Events, aspects of change in national life, events within living memory, World War II and post 1945 to the present. Literacy: Learning new words and meanings, writing short sentences. PSHE: healthcare, understanding society, British values The sources used in this resource are taken from the Beveridge collection of papers and photographs in the archives of the Library at the London School of Economics, with the exception of the Pathe film footage (available for free on youtube) and photograph of the bombed house. The sources can be used to illustrate the person and events you are talking about but could also be used to think about chronology and cause in history. Importantly the sources can be used to get students to think about how we know about the past through primary evidence. Questions of inquiry around the source can be used to draw out information about the photograph or document and add to the knowledge about this event or person.
At Last: Votes for Women 1908-1918 Presentation & Notes
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At Last: Votes for Women 1908-1918 Presentation & Notes

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These notes and powerpoint presentation are based on LSE Library’s At Last! Votes for Women exhibition, which concentrates on the campaign for women to have the vote from 1908 to 1918: They can be adapted for the Votes for Women topic in Key Stage 3 History and the development of the political system of - government in Key stage 3 Citizenship. They can be adapted for the Equality and Rights module in GCSE History AQA & OCR. They contain primary sources from the Women’s Library Collection. They include activity ideas, primary source comprehensions and a timeline All of these educational resources produced are open access under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any non-commercial medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Eye Witnesses to Peace 1918-20: Forming the League of Nations
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Eye Witnesses to Peace 1918-20: Forming the League of Nations

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An education resource for one or two lessons focusing on individuals who witnessed the aftermath of the First World War in Britain and Europe and tried to improve the fragile peace through documents from LSE Archives, including the Women’s Library Collection. These notes and presentation cover ‘Peace-making’ and the formation of The League of Nations for the early part of the ‘inter-war years 1918-1939’ topic at GCSE level, with extra content that can be adapted for A Level. A Level and / or Citizenship sections are marked in orange. Presented within contextual information about the background of the armistice, the Paris Peace Treaty and the formation of the League of Nations, primary sources are presented alongside the story of the person whose archive it belongs to: Beatrice Webb, Eglantyne Jebb, Charles Kingsley Webster, Catherine Marshall and Rachel Crowdy. These five eye witnesses were all involved either in witnessing the painstaking process of agreeing a settlement for the war in the peace conferences, attempting to improve conditions for people after the war or trying to ensure that this was the ‘war to end all wars’ through a lasting peace. It draws on documents within LSE Archives to provide source work materials and exercises around reading primary sources. The resource is linked to sections on the League of Nations in the Giving Peace a Chance: From the League of Nations to Greenham Common exhibition at LSE Library 4 January – 17 April 2019, which were curated by Professor David Stevenson, LSE International History.
The Changing Role of Women: 1920s
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The Changing Role of Women: 1920s

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A timeline of the main legal changes affecting women from 1918 to 1929 is available to download as a PowerPoint The Changing Role of Women 1918-1929. This can be used in topics around the changing role of women in British society, particularly between the wars, in History, Sociology and Religious Studies. Download a ‘newspaper’ of case studies of women (Helena Normanton, Mithan Tata, Mary Stott, Maude Royden) featured in the exhibition from law, journalism and the Church as well as contextual information. This can be used for comprehension exercises or topic information for the ‘changing role’ of women in British Society. Please note it prints at A3 but can be sized down.
Women, Murder and Poverty in 1880s Whitechapel
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Women, Murder and Poverty in 1880s Whitechapel

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The notes cover the background and context of the murders of five women in Whitechapel in 1888, usually known as the ‘Ripper Murders’. However, drawing on Hallie Rubenhold’s book The Five, these notes offer a focus on the women who were murdered rather than the murderer as well as contextual information about Whitechapel in the 1880s. These notes give further information to teachers / people supporting learning on the primary source documents - photographs, posters and maps - in the powerpoint. The documents can be used to support historical enquiry into poverty, social structures, women and crime in the late Victorian period. Discussion questions and some activities are provided. The primary evidence includes photographs by John Thomson and descriptions by Adolphe Smith from their 1877 Street Life in London and the maps produced by Charles Booth in 1898-99. It refers to notebooks of interviews made by Booth’s volunteers in the collections of the Library of the London School of Economics (LSE) – for more information see https://booth.lse.ac.uk. It also draws on archives from the Campaign Against the Contagious Diseases Act.
EPQ: Topic Sources, Searches and Referencing
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EPQ: Topic Sources, Searches and Referencing

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This Presentation is for students in the first few weeks or month or two of an Extended Project Qualification or extended essay. It covers: Defining a topic for an extended project (essay / presentation) Breaking it down into keywords / concepts Applying key words into search engines (online, catalogues) Understanding different types of resources Briefly introduces referencing (Harvard) There is a video of the presentation, a powerpoint presentation and a student worksheet.