IGCSE/GCSE BIOLOGY - DIGESTION

IGCSE/GCSE BIOLOGY - DIGESTION

The lesson note includes details on parts of digestive system, villus and its function, food tests, dietary fibers, measuring energy content in food, teeth and obesity.
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IAL/GCE BIOLOGY UNIT 4 - SPECIATION AND EVOLUTION

IAL/GCE BIOLOGY UNIT 4 - SPECIATION AND EVOLUTION

The lesson note includes necessary notes on genome, proteome, allele, allele frequency, genetic diversity, gene pool, mutations, gene families, species, hybrid species, pre zygotic reproductive barriers, post zygotic reproductive barriers, geographical isolation and DNA profiling/DNA typing.
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IAL/GCE BIOLOGY UNIT 4 - ECOSYSTEM AND SUCCESSION

IAL/GCE BIOLOGY UNIT 4 - ECOSYSTEM AND SUCCESSION

The lesson note includes details on niche, abiotic and biotic factors and their effects in the ecosystem, random and systematic sampling techniques, percentage abundance, methods of measuring abiotic factors, primary and secondary ecological succession and climax community.
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IAL and GCE Biology - photosynthesis

IAL and GCE Biology - photosynthesis

This covers the topic photosynthesis comes under unit 4 biology in IAL and GCE AL. It includes notes on ATP, abiotic and biotic factors, chloroplast, light dependent photosynthesis, calvin cycle and starch.
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IAL AND GCE BIOLOGY UNIT 4 - INFECTION AND IMMUNITY

IAL AND GCE BIOLOGY UNIT 4 - INFECTION AND IMMUNITY

The detailed note covers the sub topics, virus and bacterial structure, reproduction of bacteria, viral and bacterial life cycle, pathogenic nature of bacteria, transmission of pathogens, barriers for pathogens to enter, inflammation, specific immune response, antibodies, APCs, B cells, T cells, T killer cells, Hospital acquired infections, immunity, HIV and Tuberculosis.
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edexcel IAL unit 2 chemistry green chemistry

edexcel IAL unit 2 chemistry green chemistry

It includes revision notes on ozone chemistry, green house effect, natural and anthropogenic climate change, carbon footprint, reduction of carbon foot print, carbon neutrality, sustainability and more greener chemistry.
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edexcel IAL unit 2 chemistry - kinetics and equilibria

edexcel IAL unit 2 chemistry - kinetics and equilibria

It includes, rate of reaction, how to follow a rate of a reaction, maxwell boltzman energy diagrams, effect of temperature , pressure, concentration and catalyst on the rate of reaction and role of different homogeneous and heterogeneous catalyst. In equilibrium, how to change the direction of catalyst by changing pressure, concentration of reactants and products and pressure and catalyst. Also, it includes importance of atom economy in manufacture.
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