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**Create Lessons and Interactive Games - based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** **Based on AQA biology specification**

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**Create Lessons and Interactive Games - based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** **Based on AQA biology specification**

#### Inheritance, Variation and Survival ( KS3) - Variation

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Part 1 - Lesson Learning Objective: Know the definition of species, characteristics, inherited variation and environmental variation Describe the difference between inherited variation and environmental variation

#### KS3 - Efficiency of Energy Transfer

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Learning Objective: Know that energy can dissipates when transferred Explain why processes such as swinging pendulums or bouncing balls cannot go on forever, in terms of energy Calculate the useful energy and the amount dissipated, given values of input and output energy

#### KS3 - Heat and Temperature

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Learning Objective: Know the difference between temperature and heat State what thermal energy pf an object depends on Compare temperature and heat Explain in terms of energy, why objects change temperature

#### Ecology - Importance of Communities - AQA ( including Home Learning)

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification Students should be able to describe: • different levels of organisation in an ecosystem from individual organisms to the whole ecosystem • the importance of interdependence and competition in a community. Students should be able to, when provided with appropriate information: • suggest the factors for which organisms are competing in a given habitat • suggest how organisms are adapted to the conditions in which they live. An ecosystem is the interaction of a community of living organisms (biotic) with the non-living (abiotic) parts of their environment. To survive and reproduce, organisms require a supply of materials from their surroundings and from the other living organisms there. Plants in a community or habitat often compete with each other for light and space, and for water and mineral ions from the soil. Animals often compete with each other for food, mates and territory. Within a community each species depends on other species for food, shelter, pollination, seed dispersal etc. If one species is removed it can affect the whole community. This is called interdependence. A stable community is one where all the species and environmental factors are in balance so that population sizes remain fairly constant.

#### Response to exercise

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification: During exercise the human body reacts to the increased demand for energy. The heart rate, breathing rate and breath volume increase during exercise to supply the muscles with more oxygenated blood. If insufficient oxygen is supplied anaerobic respiration takes place in muscles. The incomplete oxidation of glucose causes a build up of lactic acid and creates an oxygen debt. During long periods of vigorous activity muscles become fatigued and stop contracting efficiently. (HT only) Blood flowing through the muscles transports the lactic acid to the liver where it is converted back into glucose. Oxygen debt is the amount of extra oxygen the body needs after exercise to react with the accumulated lactic acid and remove it from the cells.

#### KS3 - Sankey Diagram

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Learning Objective: Create Sankey Diagrams

#### Inheritance, Variation and Survival ( KS3) - Chromosomes, DNA and Genes

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Part 1 - Lesson Objective : Know the terms: nucleus, chromosomes, DNA, gene Understand the purpose of the gene Contains: Content and Activity with Answers

#### 4.5.3.1 Human endocrine system - AQA - Home learning

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification Students should be able to describe the principles of hormonal coordination and control by the human endocrine system. The endocrine system is composed of glands which secrete chemicals called hormones directly into the bloodstream. The blood carries the hormone to a target organ where it produces an effect. Compared to the nervous system the effects are slower but act for longer. The pituitary gland in the brain is a ‘master gland’ which secretes several hormones into the blood in response to body conditions. These hormones in turn act on other glands to stimulate other hormones to be released to bring about effects. Students should be able to identify the position of the following on a diagram of the human body: • pituitary gland • pancreas • thyroid • adrenal gland • ovary • testes.

#### 4.5.2.1 Structure and function- Reflex Actions - AQA - Home learning

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification Students should be able to explain how the various structures in a reflex arc – including the sensory neurone, synapse, relay neurone and motor neurone – relate to their function. Students should understand why reflex actions are important. Reflex actions are automatic and rapid; they do not involve the conscious part of the brain.

#### Inheritance, Variation and Survival ( KS3) - Inheritance/ Characteristics

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Part 2 - Lesson Objective : Know the term: Heredity Understand how an offspring inherit characteristics from their parents Contains: Content and Activity with Answers

#### Aerobic Respiration

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification Students should be able to describe cellular respiration as an exothermic reaction which is continuously occurring in living cells. The energy transferred supplies all the energy needed for living processes. Respiration in cells can take place aerobically (using oxygen) or anaerobically (without oxygen), to transfer energy. Organisms need energy for: • chemical reactions to build larger molecules • movement • keeping warm. Aerobic respiration is represented by the equation: glucose + oxygen carbon dioxide + water Students should recognise the chemical symbols: C6 H12O6 , O2 , CO2 and H2O.

#### KS3 - Specialised Cells

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Learning Objective: Name some examples of specialised plant and animal cells Describe examples of specialised plant and animal cells Suggest the type of organism or tissue a cell comes from, based on its features

#### KS3 - Tectonic Plates

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Learning Objective: Describe tectonic Plates Explain how earthquakes are caused

#### KS3 - Igneous Rocks and Metamorphic Rocks

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Learning Objective: Describe how igneous and metamorphic rock are formed Explain why igneous and metamorphic rocks have particular properties based on how they were formed

#### KS3 - Energy Pathways

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Learning Objective: Know the four energy pathways

#### Dependence on Other Organism - KS3

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Learning Objective: Define specie interdependence Describe how organisms depend on each other

#### 4.5.1 Homeostasis - AQA - Home learning

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification Students should be able to explain that homeostasis is the regulation of the internal conditions of a cell or organism to maintain optimum conditions for function in response to internal and external changes. Homeostasis maintains optimal conditions for enzyme action and all cell functions. In the human body, these include control of: • blood glucose concentration • body temperature • water levels. These automatic control systems may involve nervous responses or chemical responses. All control systems include: • cells called receptors, which detect stimuli (changes in the environment) • coordination centres (such as the brain, spinal cord and pancreas) that receive and process information from receptors • effectors, muscles or glands, which bring about responses which restore optimum levels.

#### 10.2 The structure and function of the human nervous system - Home Learning

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification 4.5.2.1 Structure and function Students should be able to explain how the structure of the nervous system is adapted to its functions. The nervous system enables humans to react to their surroundings and to coordinate their behaviour. Information from receptors passes along cells (neurones) as electrical impulses to the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS is the brain and spinal cord. The CNS coordinates the response of effectors which may be muscles contracting or glands secreting hormones. stimulus receptor coordinator effector response

#### 4.5.3.2 Control of blood glucose concentration- AQA

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**Based on AQA biology specification ( can be used for revision). Includes: Content, AFL Questions, Exam style Questions and Answers ** Based on AQA biology specification Blood glucose concentration is monitored and controlled by the pancreas. If the blood glucose concentration is too high, the pancreas produces the hormone insulin that causes glucose to move from the blood into the cells. In liver and muscle cells excess glucose is converted to glycogen for storage. Students should be able to explain how insulin controls blood glucose (sugar) levels in the body. Type 1 diabetes is a disorder in which the pancreas fails to produce sufficient insulin. It is characterised by uncontrolled high blood glucose levels and is normally treated with insulin injections. In Type 2 diabetes the body cells no longer respond to insulin produced by the pancreas. A carbohydrate controlled diet and an exercise regime are common treatments. Obesity is a risk factor for Type 2 diabetes. Students should be able to compare Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and explain how they can be treated. (HT only) If the blood glucose concentration is too low, the pancreas produces the hormone glucagon that causes glycogen to be converted into glucose and released into the blood. (HT only) Students should be able to explain how glucagon interacts with insulin in a negative feedback cycle to control blood glucose (sugar) levels in the body

#### Trivia - Animal and Plant Cell - AQA - Home learning

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Interactive Trivia. Useful For AFL or Revision Students should be able to explain how the main sub-cellular structures, including the nucleus, cell membranes, mitochondria, chloroplasts in plant cells and plasmids in bacterial cells are related to their functions. Most animal cells have the following parts: • a nucleus • cytoplasm • a cell membrane • mitochondria • ribosomes. In addition to the parts found in animal cells, plant cells often have: • chloroplasts • a permanent vacuole filled with cell sap. Plant and algal cells also have a cell wall made of cellulose, which