Please note two lessons worth of content are attached to this resource.
C9-Organic chemistry-Fractional distillation of oil lessons created in accordance to the NEW AQA Specification (9-1). Designed for a mixed ability year 11 separates class, although content can be adjusted to suit any ability. Includes: slide animations, embedded videos, practical lesson, and homework with answers as well as a interactive review task. If for any reason the video link does not work, a URL has also been included in the notes.
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The many hydrocarbons in crude oil may be separated into fractions, each of which contains molecules with a similar number of carbon atoms, by fractional distillation.
The fractions can be processed to produce fuels and feedstock for the petrochemical industry.
Many of the fuels on which we depend for our modern lifestyle, such as petrol, diesel oil, kerosene, heavy fuel oil and liquefied petroleum gases, are produced from crude oil.
Many useful materials on which modern life depends are produced by the petrochemical industry, such as solvents, lubricants, polymers, detergents.
The vast array of natural and synthetic carbon compounds occur due to the ability of carbon atoms to form families of similar compounds.
Students should be able to explain how fractional distillation works in terms of evaporation and condensation.
Knowledge of the names of other specific fractions or fuels is not required.