World War II: The Munich Conference Reading / short simulation activity and worksheet
We need your help! We know that you are sitting across the pond (the Atlantic) unconcerned, but we need your assistance. Hitler has gone mad with these claims and actions that violate the Treaty of Versailles. Now he wants more land!
In 1919, millions of ethnic Germans were forced beyond the borders of Germany and into the new state of Czechoslovakia. Three million of the displaced Germans lived just over the border in the mostly German territory called the Sudetenland. Following his reacquisition of the Rhineland and the Anschluss (union) with Austria, Hitler has now turned his attention toward the Germans living in Czechoslovakia. He is demanding that it be given to Germany!
Its 1938 now and we are here at a conference in Munich, Germany with Mussolini, Hitler and the leaders of France and Britain. On the one hand Czechoslovakia is a new democracy and a new friend. However, would the British and French citizens be willing to go to war for Czechoslovakia? Can we defeat the Germans? Does Hitler have a valid argument for acquiring Czechoslovakia? Will he ever stop or will he want more? That is why we are reaching out to you for help. Please read the following enclosed, top-secret, documents and evidence to help us come up with an answer. What would you do if you were in our position based on the documents and evidence? We wish you the best of luck.
Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister