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Hi! These are my A-Level notes, essays and resources I used to sit the 2018 summer exams, in AQA Psychology, AQA Economics and AQA English Literature (achieving A*A*A). Hope you find these useful.

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Hi! These are my A-Level notes, essays and resources I used to sit the 2018 summer exams, in AQA Psychology, AQA Economics and AQA English Literature (achieving A*A*A). Hope you find these useful.
AQA A-level English Literature A: The Great Gatsby and Love Anthology Exemplar Essays
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AQA A-level English Literature A: The Great Gatsby and Love Anthology Exemplar Essays

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AQA English Literature A-level; Specification A (7711, 7712). Love through the ages; comparative set texts (Great Gatsby and Love poetry pre-1900) Includes example essays and teacher-assessed marks (all Band 5, 21-22/25) Compare how the authors of two texts you have studied present ideas about unrequited love Compare how the writers of two texts you have studied present ideas about immorality in love Compare how the writers of two texts you have studied present ideas about truth and deception in love Compare how the authors of two texts you have studied present ideas about romantic commitment Compare how the writers of two texts you have studied present ideas about conflict within relationships (Cross-poetry analysis) Compare how the authors of two texts you have studied present ideas about loss of love
Othello Exemplar Essays and Essay Plans (A-level)
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Othello Exemplar Essays and Essay Plans (A-level)

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From AQA A-level English Literature A ‘Love through the ages’ (7711, 7712) -*I sat my exams in June 2018 and achieved an A grade. * This resource contains a list of 25-mark essay plans (fully-written essays as well as structured plans), and a list of key quotations: Discuss how Shakespeare presents the relationship between Othello and Desdemona in this extract and elsewhere in the play (25 marks) 'As lovers, Othello and Desdemona either worship or despise one another. There is no middle ground.’ In light of this view, discuss how Shakespeare presents Othello’s and Desdemona’s attitudes towards one another in this extract and elsewhere in the play. (25 marks) ‘Paradoxically, texts present jealousy as a destructive force existing within the deepest of love’. In light of this view, discuss how Shakespeare presents Othello’s feelings for Desdemona in this extract and elsewhere in the play. (25 marks) Structured plans ‘Bleak, pessimistic view on love: it is a cause of misery and sadness’ Typically, love is presented as an all-consuming, malicious force’. In light of this view, discuss how Shakespeare presents love in this passage and elsewhere in the play. In Othello, females are presented as weak-minded and subservient in their relationships with their husband’. In light of this view, discuss how Shakespeare presents marital love in this extract and elsewhere in the play. ‘Shakespeare presents love as successfully transcending boundaries and difficulties’. In light of this view, examine the relationship between Othello and Desdemona in this extract and elsewhere in the play. ‘Typically, texts present men as unable to control their emotions or act rationally upon them’. In light of this view, discuss how Shakespeare presents Othello’s emotions in this extract and elsewhere in the play.
AQA Economics A-level: example 25 mark essays (A* grade)
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AQA Economics A-level: example 25 mark essays (A* grade)

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AQA Economics A-level: Example 25 mark essays - specification 7135, 7136 Includes 25 mark essays: Assess whether you agree that governments should subsidize companies who are developing cars which run on clean fuels such as hydrogen (25 marks) Assess whether you agree that the government should give financial assistance to firms producing cars in the UK to increase their competitiveness (25 marks) Assess whether you agree that the implementation of pollution permits could play a role in reducing global warming (25 marks) Discuss the view that falling unemployment will inevitably lead to trade-offs with other macroeconomic policy objectives (25 marks) Evaluate policies that the government could use to reduce obesity, referring to classical solutions such as taxes, subsidies and regulations, and behavioural solutions such as nudges and default choice (25 marks) Using your knowledge of behavioural economics and neoclassical economics, evaluate the possible policies that could be used to reduce congestion in the UK’s cities. (25 marks) Evaluate the view that imposing a tax is the most effective government policy for reducing the market failure arising from overconsumption of unhealthy food and drink (25 marks) Using the extracts and your economic knowledge, assess whether you agree that fixing a maximum price for energy that is sold households is the best way of dealing with market failure in the UK energy industry (25 marks) Using the extracts and your economic knowledge, assess the view that inequality is ‘good for us all’ (25 marks) 9 and 15 mark essays: With the help of a diagram, explain how export subsidies may help promote economic growth in India (9 marks) Explain how government policies can reduce the natural rate of unemployment (15 marks) Explain why, in a free market, sugary drinks may be overconsumed (15 marks) Essay plan To what extent do you agree that expansionary monetary policy is always effective in creating economic growth? (25 marks)
AQA Economics A-Level (A* Notes, Essay Examples and Plans)
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AQA Economics A-Level (A* Notes, Essay Examples and Plans)

15 Resources
AQA Economics A-level: specification 7135, 7136 I sat my Economics exam in summer 2018 and achieved A star (A) grades across all three papers. Here is a bundle of all my content/theory notes and 25 mark essay examples and plans! Includes: Paper 1 - Micro Economic Problem and Methodology Supply and Demand Production, Costs and Revenue Market Structure Labour Market Income and Wealth Market Mechanism, Market Failure and Government Intervention Paper 2 - Macro Macroeconomic performance Aggregate Demand and Aggregate Supply Economic Performance Financial Markets Fiscal and Supply Side International Economy Paper 3 - Synoptic Synoptic practice questions AND *A Example 25 mark essays and practice questions covering: ** Includes 25 mark essays: Assess whether you agree that governments should subsidize companies who are developing cars which run on clean fuels such as hydrogen (25 marks) Assess whether you agree that the government should give financial assistance to firms producing cars in the UK to increase their competitiveness (25 marks) Assess whether you agree that the implementation of pollution permits could play a role in reducing global warming (25 marks) Discuss the view that falling unemployment will inevitably lead to trade-offs with other macroeconomic policy objectives (25 marks) Evaluate policies that the government could use to reduce obesity, referring to classical solutions such as taxes, subsidies and regulations, and behavioural solutions such as nudges and default choice (25 marks) Using your knowledge of behavioural economics and neoclassical economics, evaluate the possible policies that could be used to reduce congestion in the UK’s cities. (25 marks) Evaluate the view that imposing a tax is the most effective government policy for reducing the market failure arising from overconsumption of unhealthy food and drink (25 marks) Using the extracts and your economic knowledge, assess whether you agree that fixing a maximum price for energy that is sold households is the best way of dealing with market failure in the UK energy industry (25 marks) Using the extracts and your economic knowledge, assess the view that inequality is ‘good for us all’ (25 marks) 9 and 15 mark essays: With the help of a diagram, explain how export subsidies may help promote economic growth in India (9 marks) Explain how government policies can reduce the natural rate of unemployment (15 marks) Explain why, in a free market, sugary drinks may be overconsumed (15 marks) Essay plan To what extent do you agree that expansionary monetary policy is always effective in creating economic growth? (25 marks)
AQA A-Level Psychology Paper 1 - A* Example Essays
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AQA A-Level Psychology Paper 1 - A* Example Essays

4 Resources
AQA Psychology A-level: Attachment, Memory, Psychopathology and Social Influence From specification 7181, 7182 - Introductory topics in Psychology (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) -> These are FULL 16 mark example essays I created for revision, which helped me get my A*! Attachment: Discuss research into early infant-caregiver interaction (16 marks) Outline and evaluate research by Schaffer and Emerson into attachment (16 marks) Outline and evaluate research into the stages of attachment (16 marks) Outline and evaluate research the role of the father (16 marks) Outline and evaluate animal studies into attachment (16 marks) Outline and evaluate learning theory as an explanation for attachment (16 marks) Outline and evaluate Bowlby’s monotropic theory as an explanation for attachment (16 marks) Outline and evaluate Ainsworth’s ‘Strange Situation’ research (16 marks) Outline and evaluate cultural variations of attachment (16 marks) Outline and evaluate Bowlby’s theory of maternal deprivation (16 marks) Discuss research into the effects of institutionalization (16 marks) / Outline and evaluate Rutter’s study of Romanian orphans (16 marks) Discuss research into the influence of early attachment (16 marks) Memory: Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the working memory model (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the types of long-term memory (16 marks) Outline and evaluate interference theory as an explanation for forgetting (16 marks) Outline and evaluate retrieval failure as an explanation for forgetting (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the effect of misleading information on eye witness testimony (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the effect of anxiety on eye witness testimony (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the use of the cognitive interview in improving the accuracy of eye witness testimony (16 marks) Psychopathology: Outline and evaluate two ways of defining abnormality (16 marks) x2 Outline the characteristics of phobias (6 marks) Outline the characteristics of OCD (6 marks) Outline the characteristics of depression (6 marks) Discuss behavioural explanations for phobias (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the behavioural approach to treating phobias (16 marks) Outline and evaluate one or more biological explanation for obsessive-compulsive disorder (16 marks) x2 Discuss the biological approach for treating OCD (16 marks) Outline and evaluate one or more cognitive explanations for depression (16 marks) x2 Discuss the cognitive approach to treating depression (16 marks) Social Influence: Outline and evaluate explanations for conformity (16 marks) Discuss research by Asch into conformity (16 marks) Discuss research by Zimbardo into conformity (16 marks) Discuss research by Milgram into obedience (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the situational factors affecting obedience (16 marks) Outline and evaluate legitimacy of authority and the agentic state (16 marks) Outline and evaluate Adorno’s authoritarian personality (16 marks) Discuss social support as an explanation for the resistance to social influence (8 marks) Outline and evaluate Rotter’s LOC as an explanation for resistance to social influence (16 marks) Discuss research into minority influence and its implications on resistance of social influence (16 marks) Outline and evaluate social change and its implications on resistance to social influence (16 marks)
AQA A-Level Psychology - Biopsychology Exam Practice A* Exemplar Essays
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AQA A-Level Psychology - Biopsychology Exam Practice A* Exemplar Essays

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AQA Psychology A-level: Biopsychology From specification 7181, 7182 - paper 2 (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) These are my exam practice questions Includes: Describe the structure of the nervous system, with reference to the central and peripheral nervous systems (16 marks) Describe the structure and role of the endocrine system, with reference to the flight or fight response (16 marks) Describe the role of neurons and the process of synaptic transmission (8 marks) Outline and evaluate research into the localisation of function (16 marks) Discuss research into hemispheric lateralisation and split-brain study (16 marks) Outline and evaluate research into brain plasticity (16 marks) Outline and evaluate research into functional recovery (16 marks) Outline and evaluate ways of studying the brain (16 marks) Outline and evaluate research into circadian rhythms (16 marks) Discuss research into infradian and/or ultradian rhythms (16 marks) Outline and evaluate research into endogenous pacemakers and exogenous zeitgebers (16 marks)
AQA A-Level Psychology - Forensic Psychology Exam Practice A* Exemplar Essays
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AQA A-Level Psychology - Forensic Psychology Exam Practice A* Exemplar Essays

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AQA Psychology A-level: Forensic Psychology From specification 7181, 7182 - Issues and options in Psychology - paper 3 (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) Here are my practice exam questions Includes: Outline and evaluate methods of measuring crime (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the top-down approach of offender profiling (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the bottom-up approach of offender profiling (16 marks) Outline and evaluate one or more biological explanation for offending behaviour (16 marks) Discuss Eysenck’s theory of criminal personality as an explanation for offending behaviour (16 marks) Outline and evaluate cognitive explanations for offending behaviour (16 marks) Outline and evaluate differential association theory as an explanation for offending behaviour (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the psychodynamic explanation for offending (16 marks) Outline and evaluate custodial sentencing as a way of dealing with offending behaviour (16 marks) Outline and evaluate behaviour modification as a way of dealing with offending behaviour (16 marks) Outline and evaluate anger management as a way of dealing with offending behaviour (16 marks) Outline and evaluate restorative justice programmes as a way of dealing with offending behaviour (16 marks)
Economics A-level: Market mechanism, market failure and government intervention
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Economics A-level: Market mechanism, market failure and government intervention

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AQA Economics A-level (specification 7135, 7136) Includes: Types of goods; public, quasi-public and private Allocation of resources - price mechanism; rationing, signaling, incentive, allocative functions Market failure - examples and eliminating failures Merit and demerit goods Positive and negative externalities in production and consumption Imperfect and asymmetric information Monopoly power Immobility of factors of production Government intervention - arguments for and against Methods of intervention; indirect taxes, subsidies, minimum/maximum price, regulation Cont. information provision, pollution permits etc. Supply-side intervention - free market vs interventionist policies (and evaluation) Government failure; causes, examples, overcoming government failure Competition policy; monopolies, mergers, public ownership Privatisation and evaluation Regulation and deregulation
A-level Economics: Production and Productivity
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A-level Economics: Production and Productivity

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AQA Economics A-level (specification 7135, 7136) Specification 4.1.4.1 to 4.1.4.8 Includes: Measuring productivity, impact of increased productivity Policies to improve productivity Specialisation and the division of labour - advantages and disadvantages Costs of production Law of diminishing returns, economies of scale, LRAC Revenue and profit - function of profit Technological change, creative destruction Economies and diseconomies of scale (and evaluations) Minimum efficient scale
Economics A-level: Market structures
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Economics A-level: Market structures

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AQA Economics A-level (specification 7135, 7136) Includes: Objectives of firms; profit, sales, survival, growth, stakeholders etc. Divorce of ownership from control Allocative, productive and ‘x’ efficiency Growth of firms; internal vs external, horizontal vs vertical vs lateral integration Mergers and takeovers (and evaluation) Perfect competition; conditions, evaluation and price determination Monopolistic competition; assumptions, evaluation, comparison with PC Oligopolistic markets - types of collusion, impact of collusion, evaluation Kinked demand curve Anti-competitiveness, natural/artificial barriers to entry Monopoly power, profit maximisation, barriers to entry, evaluation Analysing efficiency, social burden triangle Price discrimination, conditions and evaluation Contestable markets - conditions, market concentration, impact and determinants Consumer surplus - determinants, price elasticity Producer surplus - determinants Monopsony power and evaluation
AQA A-Level Psychology - Memory A* Exam Practice Exemplar Essays
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AQA A-Level Psychology - Memory A* Exam Practice Exemplar Essays

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AQA Psychology A-level: Memory From specification 7181, 7182 - paper 1 (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) These are my exam practice questions Includes: Outline and evaluate the multi-store model of memory (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the working memory model (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the types of long-term memory (16 marks) Outline and evaluate interference theory as an explanation for forgetting (16 marks) Outline and evaluate retrieval failure as an explanation for forgetting (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the effect of misleading information on eye witness testimony (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the effect of anxiety on eye witness testimony (16 marks) Outline and evaluate the use of the cognitive interview in improving the accuracy of eye witness testimony (16 marks)
AQA Psychology A-level: Research Methods 2
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AQA Psychology A-level: Research Methods 2

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AQA Psychology A-level: Research Methods (part 2) From specification 7181, 7182 - Psychology in context - paper 2 (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) Includes Reliability and validity - measuring, improving, evaluation Extraneous variables Data handling - types of data, presentation/display of data, measures of CT, dispersion and standard deviation Probability and significance - statistical and inferential tests, type 1 vs type 2 errors Inferential tests Features of science, writing the scientific report, peer review and evaluation
AQA Psychology A-Level: Cognition and Development (A* notes)
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AQA Psychology A-Level: Cognition and Development (A* notes)

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AQA Psychology A-level: Cognition and Development From specification 7181, 7182 - Issues and options in Psychology - paper 3 (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) Includes Piaget’s theory of development, schemas, motivation to learn, assimilation/accomodation and evaluation 4 stages of intellectual development and evaluation of studies Vygotsky’s theory of development - language, zone of proximal development, scaffolding and evaluation Baillargeon and infant abilities - violation of expectation research (VOE), physical reasoning and evaluation Selman’s perspective-taking research, stages of perspective taking and evaluation Theory of mind - false belief tasks, eyes tasks, biological basis, role in ASD and evaluation Mirror neuron system - role of mirror neurons, relation to evolution, relation to ASD and evaluation
AQA Psychology A-level: Research Methods 1
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AQA Psychology A-level: Research Methods 1

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AQA Psychology A-level: Research Methods (part 1) From specification 7181, 7182 - Psychology in context (paper 2) I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade! Includes The basis of experiments Variables and control Experimental methods Experimental design Non-experimental methods Sampling techniques Pilot studies, content analysis and ethical issues
AQA Economics A-level: Fiscal and supply-side policies
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AQA Economics A-level: Fiscal and supply-side policies

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AQA Economics A-level: Fiscal and supply-side policies, specification 7135, 7136 I achieved an A in Economics A-level in 2018, across all three papers. These notes helped form an understanding of economic theory and a critical evaluation of it* Fiscal policy Expansionary vs deflationary fiscal policy Fiscal stabilisers - automatic vs discretionary UK data for post-recession fiscal policy Impact of fiscal policy on macro objectives and aggregate supply (evaluation) Spending and taxation Reasons for government spending Types of taxation; progressive, proportional and regressive UK data for taxation and evaluation Arguments for and against indirect taxation (evaluation) Budget deficit and national debt Debt vs deficit, types of deficit: cyclical and structural Factors influencing size of budget deficit, benefits and costs of deficit (evaluation) Types of national debt - causes and consequences Supply-side policies Macro impacts of supply-side policies on growth, inflation, employment and trade Free market supply side policies vs interventionist supply side policies Influence of policies on natural rate of unemployment Evaluation of supply side policies
AQA A-Level Psychology: Issues and Debates (A* Notes)
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AQA A-Level Psychology: Issues and Debates (A* Notes)

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AQA Psychology A-level: Issues and Debates From specification 7181, 7182 - Issues and options in Psychology - paper 3 (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) Includes: Gender and Culture Bias Free Will and Determinism Nature-Nurture Debate Holism and Reductionism Idiographic and Nomothetic Approach Ethical Implications of Research
AQA Psychology A-level: Forensic Psychology (A* notes)
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AQA Psychology A-level: Forensic Psychology (A* notes)

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AQA Psychology A-level: Forensic Psychology From specification 7181, 7182 - Issues and options in Psychology - paper 3 (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) Includes Defining crime - cultural/historical issues, measuring crime using official statistics, victim/offender surveys Evaluation of measuring crime Top-down approach - organised vs disorganised offenders, stages of top down approach and evaluation Bottom-up approach - investigate psychology, forensic awareness, geographical profiling, circle theory, criminal geographical targeting (CGT) and evaluation Biological explanations for offending - atavistic form, Lombroso, environmental influence and evaluation Genetic explanations for offending - twin studies, candidate genes and evaluation Neural explanations for offending - pre-frontal cortex, limbic system, brain injury, mirror neurons and evaluation Psychological explanations - Eysenck’s criminal personality, role of socialisation and evaluation Cognitive explanations - distortions; hostile attribution bias, minimalisation, moral reasoning and evaluation Differential association theory - crime as learned behaviour, pro-criminal attitudes, reoffending and evaluation Psychodynamic explanation - inadequate superego, maternal deprivation and evaluation Dealing with offending behaviour Custodial sentencing, psychological effects and evaluation Behaviour modification; reinforcement and conditioning, Hobbs and Holt’s token economy and evaluation Anger management - stress inoculation model, Keen et al and evaluation Restorative justice - RJC, features of process and evaluation
AQA Psychology A-level: Social Influence  (A* notes)
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AQA Psychology A-level: Social Influence (A* notes)

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AQA Psychology A-level: Social Influence From specification 7181, 7182 - Paper 1: Introductory topics in Psychology (I achieved an A* in Psycholology A-level in 2018, across all three papers) Includes a lot of evaluation! - AO3 needed for high marks! Types of conformity - compliance, identification and internalisation Explanations for conformity - normative and informational social influence Factors affecting conformity - group size, unanimity, task difficulty and relevant studies Evaluation of conformity (A03) Conformity to social roles - Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison experiment and evaluation Explanations for obedience - Agentic state and legitimacy of authority Situational variables: proximity, location and uniform Dispositional explanations - the Authoritarian personality and evaluation Resistance to social influence and social change Explanations for resistance - locus of control, social support and evaluation Role of minority influence - commitment, consistency and flexibility principles and evaluation Role of social influence in social change, Civil Rights, snowballing effect
AQA Psychology A-level: Psychopathology  (A* notes)
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AQA Psychology A-level: Psychopathology (A* notes)

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AQA Psychology A-level: Psychopathology From specification 7181, 7182 - Introductory topics in Psychology (I achieved an A* in Psychology A-level in 2018, across all three papers. I prioritised revision on evaluation, necessary for accessing higher grade!) Includes Definitions for abnormality and evaluation of each Phobias - types of phobia, behavioural, emotional and cognitive characteristics of phobias Behavioural explanations for phobias - two-process model, Watson and Rayner (1920) and evaluation Alternative explanations - biological preparedness Seligman (1970)/ Ohman et al (1975) and social learning theory and evaluation Behavioural approach to treating phobias - systematic desensitization, flooding and evaluation OCD -behavioural, emotional and cognitive characteristics of OCD Biological explanations of OCD - genetic basis (candidate genes) and neural basis (neurotransmitters/brain structures) and evaluation Biological approach to treating OCD - drug therapy, SSRIs and SNRIs and evaluation Depression - categories, behavioural, emotional and cognitive characteristics of depression Cognitive explanation for depression - Beck’s Negative Triad and Ellis’ ABC model and evaluation Cognitive approach to treating depression - CBT, Beck’s cognitive therapy, REBT and evaluation
AQA Economics A-level: Synoptic paper practice questions
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AQA Economics A-level: Synoptic paper practice questions

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AQA Economics A-level: Synoptic (paper 3) preparation questions, specification 7135, 7136 I achieved an A in my Economics a-level in 2018, across all three papers. This document is an example of potential synoptic content, practice exam questions* Based on brazil synoptic: Includes example 10 mark, 15 mark and 25 mark planned essay