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Carolyn's Adult ESL Resources

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I am an ESL/EALD/EFL teacher based in Australia. I have taught for decades in schools, Tertiary institutions and language schools in 4 different countries. I teach adult students - migrants, refugees and International students who want to learn or improve their English. Their levels range from complete beginners to almost native speaker level. I also help students prefer for a variety of exams - IELTS, TOEFL, Cambridge Exams, OLNA (a basic literacy and numeracy test specific to Australia). I now

I am an ESL/EALD/EFL teacher based in Australia. I have taught for decades in schools, Tertiary institutions and language schools in 4 different countries. I teach adult students - migrants, refugees and International students who want to learn or improve their English. Their levels range from complete beginners to almost native speaker level. I also help students prefer for a variety of exams - IELTS, TOEFL, Cambridge Exams, OLNA (a basic literacy and numeracy test specific to Australia). I now
Writing complex sentences
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Writing complex sentences

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This is a writing lesson for adult ESL students focusing on writing complex sentences. It is designed for students who are intermediate level and above who need to write academic essays for IELTS or other academic purposes The aim of this lesson is to write complex sentences using a variety of linking words (cohesive devices). Essay structure of an opinion essay is also covered. This lesson is based on the requirements of the IELTS exam although the concepts are applicable to any type of academic writing. There are a series of guided exercises (4 Activities) beginning at sentence level before progressing to paragraphs and essays and ending with an unguided essay. This lesson can be used with a class - there are opportunities for differentiation if necessary; as an independent learning package or with online students. Package includes: 4 Writing Activities - guided and unguided A comprehensive list of linking words/cohesive devices Model of paragraph Essay Structure model IELTS Tips Teachers notes
Writing Academic Essays for IELTS
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Writing Academic Essays for IELTS

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This is a writing lesson for adult ESL students focusing on essay structure and planning. It is designed for students who are intermediate level and above who need to write academic essays for IELTS or other academic purposes. Although it focuses on the requirements of the IELTS exam the strategies are applicable to any type of academic writing The aim of this lesson is to learn how to write well structured essays. It looks at the 5 most common essay types and how to identify them. It examines the essay structure of an opinion essay and an advantages and disavantages essay type. It addresses common mistakes and There are 3 guided exercises to develop skills which lead to a complete essay. This lesson can be used with a class - there are opportunities for differentiation if necessary; as an independent learning package or with online students. Check out my store for other IELTS resources. Terms of use This item is for use by you with your students only. If you want to share with other teachers please buy multiple licences. This item is bound by copyright laws . Posting, editing , selling or redistributing this item (or any part of) on the internet is strictly prohibited.
IELTS Writing Bundle
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IELTS Writing Bundle

3 Resources
This bundle contains 3 structured packages each containing several lessons. It is designed for students who are intermediate level and above who need to write academic essays for IELTS or other academic purposes. The lessons are based on the requirements of the IELTS exam although the concepts are applicable to any type of academic writing. All of the lessons focus on essay structure which is a problem most IELTS students struggle with. To get a good grade in IELTS the student must have a well structured essay that answers the question. Package 1 focuses on Writing Task 1 which is a description of a graph, bar chart, table etc. It looks at the essay structure, language to describe trends in data and the language of comparison Package 2 looks at the 5 most common essay types and how to identify them. It examines the essay structure of an opinion essay and an advantages and disavantages essay type. It addresses common mistakes and ways to avoid them. Package 3 focuses on essay structure of opinion essays and the use of complex sentences and cohesive devices. For complete details of what is included please refer to the description for each individual package.
Adult ESL Beginners - An Introduction to Past Tense
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Adult ESL Beginners - An Introduction to Past Tense

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I use this lesson with a mixed ability beginner Adult ESL Class. It is an introduction to the past tense to describe events in the past that are relevant to the students. I have introduced some commonly used regular and irregular verbs and question and negative forms. It is designed to equip adult ESL students with some basic language to communicate with. It is NOT a comprehensive lesson on the past tense. The lesson covers a lot of the elementary language: Reading and understanding simple text about familiar topics. Past simple tense Question forms Everyday vocabulary Speaking practice –asking and answering questions Guided writing – writing simple sentences and a short paragraph Extension writing activity In this lesson you will get: a text with comprehension questions a cloze passage past tense grammar focus a vocab activity 2 writing tasks - 1 guided writing task a speaking/listening activity (pairs ) most activities are multi level If you loved this resource or you are looking for something a bit easier, check out my store for my other Adult ESL Beginners Lessons: Complete Beginners ESL Lesson - My Family and I Adult Beginners ESL Lesson - Daily Routines (present simple) Beginners ESL Back to School / Getting to Know You Activities Adult ESL Beginners - JOBS
Phrasal Verbs with PUT
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Phrasal Verbs with PUT

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Phrasal verbs are something that high level intermediate or advanced learners find challenging to understand or use. In some exams such as IELTS students need some familiarity with phrasal verbs to get a high score. I created this resource to use with one to one online IELTS students but it’s adaptable to any situation. Resource includes: a list of 21 phrasal verbs using PUT and their meaning Activity 1 - a gap fill activity to insert the missing phrasal verb Activity 2 - ideas for a role play activity using the phrasal verbs Teacher’s notes with suggestions for use Answer key to Activity 1 Suggestions for use included. It can be used in a number of ways according to the needs of your students. You might want to do it as a whole class, group work, one to one. This is one in a series of lessons - check out the other verbs in my store.
Adult ESL Beginners: Talking about JOBS
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Adult ESL Beginners: Talking about JOBS

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This is flexible lesson which would suit a mixed ability beginner Adult Migrant ESL Class. The topic is jobs which is very relevant to Adult Migrant students and introduces a lot of useful vocabulary. It can be used in a variety of ways. There is plenty of opportunity to differentiate learning according to your students’ levels and needs. It may take 2 lessons or could take several lessons depending on your learners and how you present the material. This is designed to be used as both a Powerpoint presentation and student worksheets. Print off the relevant pages according to the needs of your students, It covers a lot of important Beginner language and structure. Present simple tense Question forms and negatives Talking about likes and dislikes Vocabulary related to jobs and work places Understanding the main idea of a written text Writing simple sentences and short paragraphs Speaking and listening If any of these language points are new to your students you will need to scaffold the activity and/or pre -teach some of it. You could also pair stronger with less able students who speak the same first language - if that works for the composition of your class. In this lesson package, you will get: a text with T/F question a cloze passage a present tense review 2 vocab activities 2 writing tasks 2 speaking/listening activities (pairs or groups) most activities are multi level
Past simple (Regular and Irregular verbs) for Adult ESL Students
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Past simple (Regular and Irregular verbs) for Adult ESL Students

2 Resources
These 2 resources are designed for Pre- Intermediate - Intermediate level Adult ESL Students. They are print and go grammar lessons with content relevant to adult learners. There are no fancy fonts or childish pictures. The emphasis is on good solid content and interesting activities. They are integrated lessons with a mix of speaking, grammar and writing. The lessons begin with some structured grammatical activities which could be done orally first and then written. The second part of the lesson is more open – ended, allowing students to integrate what they’ve learned and begin speaking confidently. Lesson 1 focuses on regular verbs with emphasis on: pronunciation of ED ending with /d/, /t/ or /id/ spelling patterns grammar focus on negative and question forms of past tenses speaking activities to consolidate The focus of lesson 2 is on Irregular past tense verb forms Negatives and questions in the past tense (which many students find challenging) speaking and writing tasks to consolidate and extend learning Most of the Activities are self explanatory and answers are provided for the structured activities. In most cases there are other possible answers. The open-ended activities provide opportunities for extension for stronger students and flexibility in how it is delivered. I would expect each lesson to take about 2 hours for an average class, with some of the written tasks set for homework. Ready to print and go. Easy … Prints to A4 paper and uses UK/Australian English
Phrasal Verbs with COME
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Phrasal Verbs with COME

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Idiomatic language and especially phrasal verbs are something that high level intermediate or advanced learners find challenging to understand or use. In some exams such as IELTS students need some familiarity with phrasal verbs to get a high score. I created this resource to use with one to one online IELTS students but it’s adaptable to any situation. Resource includes: A list of 21 phrasal verbs using COME and their meanings Activity 1 - a gap fill activity to insert the missing phrasal verb Activity 2 - ideas for a role play activity using the phrasal verbs Teacher’s notes with suggestions for use Answer key to Activity 1 Suggestions for use included. It can be used in a number of ways according to the needs of your students. You might want to do it as a whole class, group work, one to one. This is one in a series of lessons - check out the other verbs in my store.
Phrasal Verbs with TAKE
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Phrasal Verbs with TAKE

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Idiomatic language and especially phrasal verbs are something that high level intermediate or advanced learners find challenging to understand or use. In some exams such as IELTS students need some familiarity with phrasal verbs to get a high score. I created this resource to use with one to one online IELTS students but it’s adaptable to any situation. Resource includes: A list of 21 phrasal verbs using TAKE and their meaning Activity 1 - a gap fill activity to insert the missing phrasal verb Activity 2 - ideas for a role play activity using the phrasal verbs Teacher’s notes with suggestions for use Answer key to Activity 1 Suggestions for use included. It can be used in a number of ways according to the needs of your students. You might want to do it as a whole class, group work, one to one. This is one in a series of lessons - check out the other verbs in my store.
Present Perfect Tense review for adult ESL students
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Present Perfect Tense review for adult ESL students

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The present perfect is the tense that most ESL students find tricky. This is a review lesson for adults who have already been taught the Present Perfect at some stage. It covers the grammatical form and the 4 main uses of the Present Perfect tense with examples. There are 3 activities 2 of which are quizzes that could be done with the whole class or to make it more fun in groups as a competition. Thank you for visiting my store. Please check out my store for a more advanced resource for the present perfect tense .
IELTS Writing task 1- Academic Writing
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IELTS Writing task 1- Academic Writing

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This is a writing lesson for adult ESL students focusing on sentence and paragraph structure. It is designed for students who are intermediate level and above who need to write academic essays for IELTS or other academic purposes. Although it focuses on the requirements of the IELTS exam the stratergies are applicable to any type of academic writing. The focus of this package is on 3 keys elements of the IELTS writing Task 1 The structure of the writing Language for describing trends in data – graphs, tables etc. Language for comparison This package contains: Lesson notes/an explanation of: Requirements of Writing Task 1 in IELTS Structure of paragraphs Extensive list of vocabulary to describe trends in data Language of comparison PLUS 5 Activities based on the above lessons ranging from guided to progressively open-ended.
Past Tense Irregular verbs for Adult ESL students
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Past Tense Irregular verbs for Adult ESL students

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This is a print and go grammar lesson focusing on irregular past tense verb forms. It is for Pre-Intermediate adult ESL Students. It is an integrated lesson with a mix of speaking, grammar and writing. It begins with some structured grammatical activities which could be done orally first and then written. The second part of the lesson is more open – ended, allowing students to integrate what they’ve learned. The focus of the lesson is on •Irregular past tense verb forms •Negatives and questions in the past tense (which many students find challenging) Most of the Activities are self explanatory and answers are provided for the structured activities. In most cases there are other possible answers. The open-ended activities provide opportunities for extension for stronger students and flexibility in how it is delivered. I would expect the lesson to take about 2 hours for an average class, with some of the written tasks set for homework. Ready to print and go. Easy … Prints to A4 paper and uses UK/Australian English I have checked this carefully but if you find any typos please le me know so that I can fix them. This lesson complements Past Tense Regular Verbs for Adult ESL Students which is available individually and also available bundled with this resource. If you loved this resource or you are looking for something a bit easier, check out my store for my Adult ESL Beginners Lessons: Complete Beginners ESL Lesson - My Family and I Adult Beginners ESL Lesson - Daily Routines (present simple) Beginners ESL Back to School / Getting to Know You Activities Adult ESL Beginners - JOBS Thank you for visiting my store. If you’ve found this resource useful, please leave a review.
ESL Adult Beginners - Reading an Information Report
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ESL Adult Beginners - Reading an Information Report

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This is a Low PREP (just photocopy and go) reading and writing lesson for a mixed ability beginner ESL or Adult Migrant Class. It also includes some paired speaking activities. This is a flexible lesson that can be used in a variety of ways: • with a whole class, • a small group or • one to one There is plenty of opportunity to differentiate learning according to your students levels and needs. It may take 1 lesson or could take several lessons depending on your learners and how you present the material. The lesson is based on a simple Information Text about Christmas in Australia. It could be used as a seasonal text in Australia or elsewhere but can be used at any time of the year as a reading activity based on an Information text. There is also opportunity for the students to talk and write about celebrations in their own cultures. It contains 6 structured tasks, 4 of them are based directly on the Information Text. The last 2 tasks extend the topic and relate to celebrations in the students country of origin, giving the students the opportunity to share something about themselves and their culture. This is great for classroom dynamics. There is a mixture of reading, writing and speaking included. I have done all the work so all you have to do is print and go. Language is British/Australian English but there are no big differences to prevent use in US. Slides print to A4 paper. I have checked this carefully, but if you find any errors, typos etc. please let me know so that I can fix it. If you are teaching IELTS classes you might be interested in my other IELTS resources. Check out my shop… Terms of use This item is for use by you with your students only. If you want to share with other teachers please buy multiple licences. This item is bound by copyright laws . Posting, editing , selling or redistributing this item (or any part of) on the internet is strictly prohibited.
Past Perfect - Grammar Activities
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Past Perfect - Grammar Activities

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This is a grammar focused lesson for adult ESL students with a mix of written and spoken practice. It is designed for students who are intermediate level and above. It focuses on the form and use of the past perfect tense. Activities are a mix of individual, pair and group work. This lesson can be used with a class - there are opportunities for differentiation if necessary; as an independent learning package or with online students. Package includes: Grammar guide 5 Activities which include: Verb form practice Sentence completion Sentence matching Teachers notes
Vocabulary Learning Strategies for Academic Study
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Vocabulary Learning Strategies for Academic Study

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This resource for Adult ESL students teaches strategies for learning vocabulary for Academic Study and examinations such as IELTS. In order to succeed in academic studies students need to develop a very broad vocabulary which will vary according to their field of study. This resource will help them learn how to become independent learners. This activity is aimed at high intermediate level students. Use this lesson to teach your students how to become active learners organize and record new words learn how to use them recall and manipulate the words The package includes: Vocabulary Recording Sheets (templates) which you can use again 4 x Vocabulary building activities, including a categorising activity matching words with meanings ( I have provided 2 options, either using cards (more fun for students) or a worksheet (less work for you) an activity involving word forms or parts of speech introducing a method to record the words I have done all the work so all you have to do is print and go (and do a bit of cutting if you have time). Answers also provided. Language is British/Australian English but there are no big differences to prevent use in US. Slides print to A4 paper. I have checked this carefully, but if you find any errors, typos etc. please let me know so that I can fix it.
Comaprative and Superlative Adjectives
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Comaprative and Superlative Adjectives

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A grammar resource for Intermediate Level Adult ESL students. It begins with a review powerpoint and then 4 Activities of increasing difficulty. There are 2 writing tasks a grammar activity and a speaking/listening group activity.The final activity is open ended and quite challenging but a good introduction to the language required for IELTS Writing Task 1 (or other academic writing) I am aware that not all teachers have access to photocopying facilities or the ability to print off heaps of copies. For this reason, I try to keep the printed pages as dense as possible to reduce the number of printed pages. It is also better for the environment! I have planned this so that slides 2 – 4 (or 5) are used as a PowerPoint review with the whole class – hence the coloured background. The rest (on white background) can be printed (or not) as required.
Conversation Starters: Jobs and Occupations
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Conversation Starters: Jobs and Occupations

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Conversation starters to get your adult ESL learners talking to each other. The topic is jobs and occupations which is very relevant to adult learners. Best suited to Intermediate level students. Lower levels would need some vocab input to have a meaningful discussion. The aim of this lesson is to promote fluency and broaden students vocabulary on the topic of jobs and occupations. Package includes 9 separate prompt cards. Preparation - just print and cut into cards If you want to use the cards more than once, then either paste onto cardboard or laminate. Easy to use – put students into pairs or groups . Give each student a card and the student with the card leads the discussion about that card. Teacher provides vocab if they need help You could redistribute cards if you want to extend the activity. Opportunities for several follow up activities.
Vocabulary - Idioms- Body parts  (Adult ESL)
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Vocabulary - Idioms- Body parts (Adult ESL)

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Idioms are challenging for ESL students as they can not be directly translated. But they are fun to teach . This is an engaging lesson based on Idioms using body part that will generate lots of interaction and laughs. It is suitable for Adult ESL students of Intermediate level and above. It is also provides useful Vocab extension for IELTS speaking exam which requires use of idiomatic language to get the higher band levels. I have created this resource with 2 Options as I know that teachers often don’t have time to prep resources and are looking for something to print and Go Option A involves prepping cards - cutting/laminating etc. Tip if short of time – give students the photocopied pages and scissors and they cut their own set. Option A is the best option - it will be more interactive and fun for the students. But if you are short of time : Option B is no prep – just printing The resource includes: 2 sets of cards with 24 cards each Set A = Idioms x 24 Blue borders Set B = meaning x 24 Red borders 1 set per pair works best or you could use 1 set per group Plus 2 Activity worksheets that can be used at different levels and in different ways Activity 4 a is a gap fill activity with the missing idioms provided Activity 4 b is the same gap fill activity without the missing idioms (therefore much harder) Activity 5 (2 pages) is a worksheet to record the meaning of the idioms and examples of use Language used is based on British/Australian usage Thanks for visiting my store. Please follow me to be the first to know when I publish a new resource. check out my store for other similar products as well as different ones. Terms of use This item is for use by you with your students only. If you want to share with other teachers please buy multiple licences. This item is bound by copyright laws . Posting, editing , selling or redistributing this item (or any part of) on the internet is strictly prohibited. Please visit my store for other similar Vocabulary and Idiom resources.
Adult ESL Reading and Writing - Christmas in Australia
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Adult ESL Reading and Writing - Christmas in Australia

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This is an integrated reading and writing lesson for intermediate level adult ESL students. It is based around an information text about Christmas in Australia but expands to include other international celebrations relevant to the students in your class. This is very easy to use, just print and go, no prep required except for printing. I’ve even given you the answers. I’ve included the last 2 activities as an extension activity for able students and requires a knowledge of the language of comparison. This lesson could be used as: • a topic based lesson about Christmas which extends to other celebrations or • as a lesson in reading and writing Information texts. You can use it all or just parts, up to you and the level of your students. Skills: Reading for main idea Reading for detail Vocabulary extension and use Notetaking Speaking and Listening – Asking and answering questions Writing an Information Report Using a Graphic Organiser to organise ideas Writing a compare/contrast essay You will find a lesson on the language of comparison here https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/comaprative-and-superlative-adjectives-12580535
Phrasal verbs with GO
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Phrasal verbs with GO

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This is an integrated vocabulary, grammar and speaking activity to introduce students to a variety of phrasal verbs and provide opportunities to use them in a meaningful context. Suitable for Intermediate level and IELTS students. Idiomatic language and especially phrasal verbs are something that high level intermediate or advanced learners find challenging to understand or use. In some exams such as IELTS students need some familiarity with phrasal verbs to get a high score. I created this resource to use with one to one online IELTS students but it’s adaptable to any situation. Resource includes: A list of phrasal verbs using GO and their meanings Activity 1 - a gap fill activity to insert the missing phrasal verb Activity 2 - ideas for a role play activity using the phrasal verbs Teacher’s notes with suggestions for use Answer key to Activity 1 Suggestions for use included. It can be used in a number of ways according to the needs of your students. You might want to do it as a whole class, group work, one to one. This is one in a series of lessons - check out the other verbs in my store.