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I am a History Teacher with a love for producing high quality and easily accessible history lessons which I have accumulated and adapted for over 20 years of my teaching career. I appreciate just how time consuming teaching now is and the difficulty of constantly producing resources for an ever changing curriculum.

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I am a History Teacher with a love for producing high quality and easily accessible history lessons which I have accumulated and adapted for over 20 years of my teaching career. I appreciate just how time consuming teaching now is and the difficulty of constantly producing resources for an ever changing curriculum.
Spanish Armada Revision Guide AQA GCSE 9-1
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Spanish Armada Revision Guide AQA GCSE 9-1

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This eight page revision guide is aimed at both teachers and students to help study, organise, revise and be prepared for the AQA GCSE 9-1 Elizabethan England I 1568-1603 Historic Environment question for 2020. I have included 6 possible questions for GCSE exam practice and broken down the main details of the Spanish Armada into manageable chunks, using what again I am calling the 5p’s. This guide, using the ‘p’ words for simplification focuses on the main concepts of location, conflict, resources, events and people connected to it as advised by AQA through their Paper 2: Shaping the nation resource pack guidance. I have also sought guidance from Carmel Bones and gained inspiration from the teachers who attended the AQA course in London on 3th July this year (2019) to write this guide, of whom I am extremely grateful. Carmel Bones is a leading specialist and writer for Elizabethan England and delivers AQA courses on Elizabethan England as well as for Hodder Education and has written for BBC Bitesize. The resource comes in PDF and Word if you wish to adapt and change. I would welcome any reviews on this resource which would be much appreciated. If you like the resource, please check out my AQA Elizabeth Revision Guide, c.1568-1603 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/aqa-gcse-9-1-revision-guide-elizabethan-england-c-1568-1603-11806156 You can also download my free copy of the previous Historic Environment Question on Hardwick Hall for 2018 for similar guidance which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/aqa-gcse-9-1-revision-guide-historic-environment-hardwick-hall-2018-11810703
Spanish Armada Bundle AQA GCSE 9-1
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Spanish Armada Bundle AQA GCSE 9-1

4 Resources
This Bundle has been designed to help teachers prepare for the AQA 2020 Historic Environment study on the defeat of the Spanish Armada in the English Channel. The included Revision Guide has 6 possible questions for GCSE exam question practice and breaks down the main details of the Spanish Armada into manageable chunks, using again what I am calling the 5p’s. This guide, using the ‘p’ words for simplification, focuses on the main concepts of location, conflict, resources, events and people connected to it as advised by AQA through their Paper 2: Shaping the nation resource pack guidance. The first lesson included aims to explain how the Spanish planning of the Armada was flawed from the start. An analysis of the Commanders involved shows a plethora of mistakes made and how Philip decided to combine the plans of Santa Cruz and the Duke of Parma to placate the two and massage his ego as a superior naval commander. The deteriorating relationship between Philip and Elizabeth is analysed and compared to a pressure cooker – students have to decide which events manipulated Philip’s anger between simmering, boiling and exploding. A thinking quilt aims to challenge assumptions and evaluate the major weaknesses of these Spanish plans and their impact on overall victory. Students are finally required to write a practice exam question using the worksheets supplied and tips are given how to make a sustained line of argument rather than tell a story of the commanders and Philip’s decisions. This second lesson included aims to explain how English planning for the Armada was forward thinking, complete with technological innovation, daring courage and just a little bit of luck mixed in. Students bug a question which is referred to throughout the lesson (box it up, underline the key points and refer back to it continually when completing) before using a choice of differentiated materials to analyse the historical significance of these English innovations and the Commanders involved. They also have a chance to use causational equations to link ideas together to provide sustained lines of reasoning required for the higher level 4 answers in the markscheme. There are some exemplar answers given at the end to emphasise common mistakes and how students can achieve the highest grades, which are typical of those analysed in AQA GCSE courses such as ‘getting to grips with Elizabethan England.’ The final lesson included analyses the battle itself and reasons for English success and Spanish failure. Students make up and pour a toxic cocktail of causes before piecing together the reasons why the Armada failed and ran out of energy, by giving it an energy rating in a prioritisation exercise. They also have to amend a number of statements and correct them, explaining the reasons why they are incorrect. Finally students can complete another GCSE exam practice question for the Environmental Study 2020 with ideas and help to hand. The resources come in PDF and Word format if you wish to adapt and change. I would welcome any reviews which would be much appreciated. If you like the resources, please check out my AQA Elizabeth Revision Guide, c.1568-1603 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/aqa-gcse-9-1-revision-guide-elizabethan-england-c-1568-1603-11806156 You can also download my free copy of the previous Historic Environment Question on Hardwick Hall for 2018 for similar guidance which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/aqa-gcse-9-1-revision-guide-historic-environment-hardwick-hall-2018-11810703
Attacking a Castle
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Attacking a Castle

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This is a great game to be used when you have studied attacking and defending Medieval Castles. Students take on the role of the defenders of a Medieval Castle (in this case loosely based on the siege of Rochester Castle by King John in 1215). They have failed to pay their taxes and King John and his knights are marching on the Castle. Their job is to defend the Castle at all costs by making wise choices and thus collecting points as they go. When they have completed the tasks, they are given a student friendly markscheme which will by the end give them great status as geniuses of siege warfare or not as the case may be! Students can write out the choices they make or just the numbers and corresponding letters. They can only make one choice per question. If you like this resource please review it and receive a free Norman Key Word History display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/normans-display-11652737
Feudal System
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Feudal System

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The aim of the lesson is to understand how WIlliam asserted his control over the population using the feudal system. Students get to know how the feudal system works by interacting with each other in a Norman style ‘party’. They each have a card to read which tells them their status and their oath to William. However are they happy with their new status or should they refuse to accept it? This lesson is fun and interactive with students required to interact with each other and show their status by using the tables and chairs in the room. The lesson uses video footage and music to engage and connect the learning. Further learning tasks include creating a feudal system diagram using differentiated prompts, as well as explaining how it worked and analysing how pleasant it was to be a peasant under this system. Again they will evaluate how much control he was able to exert over the population by making judgements using a control ‘o’ meter. The resource is differentiated and gives suggested teaching strategies. It comes in PDF and Powerpoint format which can be amended and changed to suit. If you like this resource please review it and receive a free Norman Key Word History display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/normans-display-11652737
British Empire Bundle
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British Empire Bundle

11 Resources
In response to the National Curriculum, I have created a set of resources which focus on ’the development of the British Empire' with depth studies on India and Australia. Students will learn and understand key historical skills. These include historical concepts such empire and colonisation, continuity and change with a focus on the East India Company, the causes and consequences of British rule in India, similarities and differences within the British Empire, the analysis of sources and different interpretations of colonisation such as Australia and finally the significance of people such as Robert Clive, Mahatma Gandhi and Lord Kitchener and their legacy today. The 10 lessons are broken down into the following: 1) An introduction to Empire The lesson aims to find out whether we should be proud or ashamed of gaining an Empire. Students have to explain their choice of being proud or ashamed or both and as the lesson progresses justify whether they are sticking to their original decisions. 2) The British East India Company Students are asked if we should return the Koh-i-Noor diamond, the jewel in the British crown after analysing the evidence. A trading game ensures the students build upon their knowledge of the East India Company and they can then decide and justify if we should be proud of the company's actions in India. 3) Robert Clive This lesson explores the rise and fall of Robert Clive of India. Should he be regarded as a hero or a villain of the worst kind? 4) Focus Study – India The title of the lesson is 'Did the Raj Rock?' and attempts to look at the positive and negative aspects to British rule in India from government and law and order through to the building of the railways. 5) Gandhi and Indian independence This lesson focuses on the role Gandhi played in achieving Indian Independence from Britain. The lesson centers on his life and the part he played in achieving Independence in 1947. 6) Focus Study - Transportation to Australia Claimed by Captain James Cook in 1768, students study how and why the British used Australia as a penal colony. Using a real life example of a young boy sent there for petty crimes, students analyse his and others stories from the start of the voyage through to life in the colony. 7) The colonisation of Australia This lesson focuses on the upheaval of the Aborigines way of life in Australia with the coming of the Europeans. The students have to prioritise the most significant changes the colonists made. 8) The Scramble for Africa This lesson examines the colonisation of Africa by the European powers and the riches and rewards for doing so. 9) The Zulu Wars This lesson analyses the events of 1879 which have become infamous in British military history. Students analyse the battle of Isandlwana and the defence of Rourke's Drift. 10) The Boer War This lesson evaluates the role played by Lord Kitchener in the war as students decide how heroic he was. Furthermore they will analyse the significance of the war and the impact it had upon the government of the day. I have also included a British Empire key word display. Each lesson comes with suggested teaching and learning strategies and are linked to the latest historical interpretations, video clips and debate. The lessons are fully adaptable in PowerPoint format and can be adapted and changed to suit. If you like this bundle, please review it and choose any of my resources from my shop worth up to £3 for free: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resources/shop/PilgrimHistory
Norman Castles
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Norman Castles

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This lesson further explores the theme of William’s control and tightening grip on England as rebellion and opposition dominate his early years. Students will study his castle building program, from the Motte and Bailey through to stone keep castles and analyse their strengths and weaknesses. They will question why the Normans placed their reliance on these eye sores and how their features gave them control and defence against a hostile population. Furthermore they evaluate how much control he was able to exert over the population using a control ‘o’ meter. Finally there is a question and answer session with a local castle builder at the time who has some interesting things to say about his compliance in all of it! This lesson is therefore designed to be interactive, fun, challenging and engaging . The resource is differentiated and gives suggested teaching strategies. It comes in PDF and Powerpoint format which can be amended and changed to suit. If you like this resource please review it and receive a free Norman Key Word History display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/normans-display-11652737
Gandhi and Indian Independence
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Gandhi and Indian Independence

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This lesson focuses on the role Gandhi played in achieving Indian independence from Britain which ultimately cost him his life. The first part of the lesson looks at why the Indian population were unhappy with British rule, from events happening abroad to the Rowlatt Act culminating in the Amritsar Massacre. They are then introduced to Gandhi, his philiosphy of passive resistance and why he set up his Independent Congress Party. This is accompanied with some excellent video footage from the bbc as well as clips from the film ‘Gandhi’ by Sir Richard Attenborough. The second part of the lesson centres around his life and by analysing various sources from which they complete either a table or grid; students then have to decide how big a part Gandhi played in many events leading to Independence in 1947. The lesson comes with suggested teaching and learning strategies which are linked to the latest historical interpretations, video clips and debate. The lessons are fully adaptable in PowerPoint format and can be changed to suit. Please visit my shop where I have created further resources on the British Empire including a bundle of lessons which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/the-british-empire-11638487 If you like this resource, please review it and choose any of my resources from my shop worth up to £3 for free: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resources/shop/PilgrimHistory
Baseline History Assessment Test
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Baseline History Assessment Test

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The aim of this test is to find out how much the students know about history. The results will give you a baseline from which you can build upon. Once they begin to study history, they will begin to show progress in all areas, particularly in the amount of detail required in answers. The test focuses on chronology, cause and consequence, change and continuity, historical enquiry, interpretation and significance. This is a particularly useful assessment for a history department and as a starting point and ideally for Year 7. Most students sadly will not have studied a lot of history at their primary schools (apart from the odd day to study the Victorians or World War 2) as literary, numeracy and SATS still dominate primary school curriculum planning. The resource is differentiated and gives suggested teaching strategies. It comes in PDF, Word and Powerpoint formats which can be amended and changed to suit. If you like this resource please review it and receive a free Norman Key Word History display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/normans-display-11652737
Victorian crime and punishment
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Victorian crime and punishment

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Why was it so easy to commit crime in the Victorian period in the early nineteenth century and if you were unfortunate to get caught what could you expect from Victorian justice? Moreover what was the Bloody Code and why was the law so harsh to offenders irrespective in some cases of sex or age? This is an interesting and engaging lesson for students as they decide who was a criminal (from their looks), which were the most common crimes in the early 1800’s and what you could expect at a public hanging though some source analysis. There are three case studies to unpick and students are left questioning the morality and effectiveness of the punishments inflicted. Please note that the reform of the criminal justice system is dealt with in other lessons such as the Victorian prison system and the setting up of the Metropolitan Police force by Sir Robert Peel and the abolition of the Bloody Code. The resource comes in PDF and Powerpoint formats if there is a wish to adapt and change. I have also included suggested teaching strategies to deliver the lesson and there are differentiated materials included. If you like this resource, please visit my shop where I have created further resources on the Industrial Revolution which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resources/shop/PilgrimHistory Please review this resource and receive a free Industrial Revolution key word literacy display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/the-industrial-revolution-key-word-literacy-display-11655546
Transport Revolution
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Transport Revolution

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This lesson aims to examine the revolution in transport which affected Britain between 1750-1900. Students first look at the problems of transport in Britain from the roads (if you could call them that) and examine how they were changed and improved in conjunction with the railways and canals. There are sources to analyse and a differentiated group work task as well as video footage giving further clarity. Ultimately students have to evaluate the biggest impact these changes made in Britain from increased wealth and international trade to the standardisation of time as well as now being connected throughout the British Empire. The resource comes in PDF and Powerpoint formats if there is a wish to adapt and change. I have also included suggested teaching strategies to deliver the lesson and there are differentiated materials included. Please review this resource and receive a free Industrial Revolution key word literacy display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/the-industrial-revolution-key-word-literacy-display-11655546
Domesday Book
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Domesday Book

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The aim of this lesson is to understand how William began to control his new Kingdom; to do this he needed to find out as much as he could about the population. Students are encouraged at the start to answer a series of questions (a survey) of what they own; this is exactly what William did but minus the enthusiasm shown in the class to list all their belongings. Through a study of horrible history video footage and source analysis, students realise just how intrusive this new book was and why they began to resent it. For homework they have a chance to find out about their own area and what it offered in 1086 with an exemplar given. This is a fun, interactive and challenging lesson. The resource comes in PDF and Powerpoint formats if there is a wish to adapt and change. I have also included suggested teaching strategies to deliver the lesson and there are differentiated materials included. If you like this resource please review it and receive a free Norman Key Word History display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/normans-display-11652737
East India Company
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East India Company

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This lesson questions whether Britain was in India for the right reasons. The subject matter is the East India Company and a study of how it slowly took over the country of India taking with it a precious diamond and making a fortune out of its trade. Students are asked if we should return the Koh-i-Noor diamond to India, the jewel in the British crown after analysing some important evidence. Students are also given key words to help them with their arguments as to whether the diamond should be returned to India or not. A trading game ensures the students build upon their knowledge of the East India Company and they can then decide and justify if we should be proud of the company’s actions or not. Each lesson comes with suggested teaching and learning strategies and are linked to the latest historical interpretations, video clips and debate. The lessons are fully adaptable in PowerPoint format and can be changed to suit. Please visit my shop where I have created further resources on the British Empire including a bundle of lessons which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/the-british-empire-11638487 If you like this resource, please review it and choose any of my resources worth up to £3 for free: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resources/shop/PilgrimHistory
Health and People Revision Workbook
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Health and People Revision Workbook

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AQA GCSE 9-1 Britain: Health and the People, C.1000AD to present With revision in full swing, I have started to make these revision workbooks which my Year 11 students love (as an alternative to death by Powerpoint). We pick certain sections each lesson to revise and come up with model answers and discuss the best way to tackle each question in the best way, considering exam time constraints. I print out the sheets in A5, which the students stick in their books and use to colour code They answer the questions next to or underneath the sheets. They can also be used for homework or interleaving. The resource comes in PDF and Word format if there is a need to change or adapt.
Industrial Revolution Bundle
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Industrial Revolution Bundle

11 Resources
I have created these set of resources for ‘Britain as the first industrial nation and its impact on society’ which comes under the ideas, political power, industry and empire: Britain 1745-1901 in the National Curriculum. These lessons are also useful if you are studying this period at GCSE (such as AQA 9-1 GCSE Power and the People and OCR Explaining the Modern World) Pupils will learn the significance and impact of the changes in Britain as a result of the new inventions and be able to see the causes and consequences of these. They will learn key historical terms such as migration, entrepreneur, industrialised and patent as well as being able to see the change and continuity of transport. They will be given sources to analyse such as the evidence of child labour in the coal mines and make historical inferences from them. Furthermore they will be able to write structured accounts and narratives of the changes as a result of Factory Reforms as well as answering GCSE style questions using structured thinking quilts. Each lesson comes with suggested teaching and learning strategies and are linked to the latest historical interpretations and ideas used by current history teachers. The lessons are fully adaptable in Powerpoint format and can be changed to suit. I have included a couple of free lessons to give an idea of what is being offered. I strongly recommend using GCSE style questions from the exam board and markschemes to assess the pupils at the end of this unit, which are always available on line. The 11 lessons are broken down into the following: L1 An introduction to the Industrial Revolution in Britain L2 Why were people on the move? L3 What were the industrial towns like? L4 Transport in the Industrial Revolution L5 Richard Arkwright – a case study (free resource) L6 Factories and working conditions L7 Coal mining L8 Reform of working conditions L9 Victorian crime and punishment L10 Victorian prisons (free resource) L11 The Metropolitan Police Force If you like this bundle, please review it and choose any of my resources worth up to £4 for free: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resources/shop/PilgrimHistory
Suffragists and Suffragettes
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Suffragists and Suffragettes

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This is the third lesson I have created on the SUffragettes. The lesson focuses on the main differences between the Suffragists and Suffragettes but also looks at their similarities. Students are asked as to why women wanted the vote and how they were going to achieve it. Further into the lesson, students have to analyse the various methods used by both groups and have to question and prioritise their effectiveness. An exemplar answer and a great video link are given to complement this. Furthermore a thinking quilt tests their understanding and links the key ideas, date, people and definitions together. The resource comes in PDF and Powerpoint formats if there is a wish to adapt and change. I have also included suggested teaching strategies to deliver the lesson and there are differentiated materials included. If you like this lesson, please click here where I have created a bundle of resources on the Suffragettes which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/the-suffragettes-bundle-12007319
Murder of Thomas Becket Part 1
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Murder of Thomas Becket Part 1

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Who was Thomas Becket and why was he murdered? This lesson firstly analyses the friendship and the personalities of King Henry II and Thomas Becket. What were their similarities and differences and why did they become enemies? Students evaluate the reasons why they became bitter rivals and why a power struggle developed between them The second part of the lesson questions who was to blame for the murder of Becket. Was it Becket, the King or the knights to blame? Students analyse the evidence and come to their own conclusions in a narrative account of the events, using sequencing and sentence starters if required. They begin to plot the power struggle on a graph by answering the question – who rules in medieval England? The graph plots the power struggle between the king, the church, the barons and the people in a sequence of lessons. This lesson includes: Fun, engaging and challenging tasks Links to video footage Printable worksheets Differentiated tasks Suggested teaching strategies PDF and Powerpoint formats, which can be changed to suit If you have enjoyed the lesson, please check out the bundle of resources I have created for who ruled in Medieval England: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/medieval-kings-who-held-the-power-in-medieval-britain-the-king-the-church-or-the-barons-11990994
World War 1 Bundle
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World War 1 Bundle

13 Resources
I have created a set of resources for ‘the challenges for Britain, Europe and the wider world 1901 to the present day’ which focus on the First World War and the Peace Settlement. Each lesson comes with suggested teaching and learning strategies and are linked to the latest historical interpretations and debate from the BBC and other sources. The lessons are fully adaptable and can be changed to suit. I have included a couple of free lessons to give an idea of what is being offered. The 13 lessons are broken down into the following: L1 The long term causes of WWI L2 The short term causes of WWI L3 Recruitment in WWI L4 Why build trenches? (free resource) L5 Was life in the trenches all bad? L6 Is it fair to call Haig ‘the Butcher of the Somme’? (free resource) L7 Cowardice in WWI L8 War in the Air L9 Weapons of WWI L10 The role of women in WWI L11 Conscientious Objectors L12 The end of WWI and the Armistice L13 The Treaty of Versailles If you like this bundle, please review it and choose any of my resources worth up to £3 for free: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resources/shop/PilgrimHistory
Kaiser Wilhelm II
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Kaiser Wilhelm II

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This is a first lesson have created for the AQA 9-1 GCSE on Germany 1890-1945. It comes complete with a tracking sheet and the noted exam skills required for the students to stick in their books. In this lesson and the others to follow, I have focused on enquiry based learning skills with specific exam questions in mind which the AQA board use. Therefore the emphasis is on examination skills and the AQA Assessment Objectives as well as the specific subject content. The lesson focuses on the background of Kaiser Wilhelm II, his family and relations, his paranoia and disability, but with a focus on the problems he encountered as a leader of a new Germany. Included in the lesson is a thinking quilt, a map of Germany, links to informative videos and a summarising pyramid at the end of the lesson. The resource includes suggested teaching strategies and differentiated materials and comes in PDF and Powerpoint formats if there is a wish to adapt and change. If you like this resource, please visit my shop where I have created further resources for Germany 1890-1945 which can be found at my shop here: I have also created a full revision guide for the AQA GCSE 9-1 Germany 1890-1945 which has been given 2 x five star ratings which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/aqa-gcse-9-1-history-revision-guide-germany-1890-1945-11764985
Witches and Witchcraft
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Witches and Witchcraft

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This is the tenth lesson I have created for a series of lessons on the English Civil War. Why were the Stuarts and James I so obsessed with witches and witchcraft? How and why did the Pendle witch trials cause so much historical notoriety and infamy? How could you even recognise a witch and why should they be feared in the local community? These questions are answered in this lesson, which ultimately focuses on the Pendle witch trials and the consequences for English society as a whole who soon lived in fear and terror for their lives. The resource comes in PDF and Powerpoint formats if there is a wish to adapt and change. I have also included suggested teaching strategies to deliver the lesson and there are differentiated materials included. If you like this lesson, please click here where I have created a bundle of resources on the English Civil War which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/the-english-civil-war-11911162
The Battle of Stamford Bridge, 1066
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The Battle of Stamford Bridge, 1066

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The aim of this lesson is to understand the causes and consequences of Harold Hardrada’s invasion of the north of England. Students learn through narrative and video evidence of the forthcoming battle of Stamford Bridge and how Harold was able to win, despite the hurdles Hardrada’s army put in front of him. Furthermore students have to analyse how much power Harold’s army had and efficiency rate (as with a house) why Hardrada eventually ran out of energy. The resource is differentiated and gives suggested teaching strategies. It comes in PDF and Powerpoint format which can be amended and changed to suit. If you like this resource please review it and receive a free Norman Key Word History display worth £2.50 which can be found here: https://www.tes.com/teaching-resource/normans-display-11652737