Iran in 39 historical maps: 1154-2010 (122 pages).
Iran refers to “Land of the Aryans”. The term Arya is from a Proto Indo-European root, generally meaning “noble” or “free”. Iran was formerly known as Persia in the west, until Shah Reza Pahlavi officially asked the international community in 1935 to name the country by the name Iran. The name Persia comes from the ancient Greek word Persis , which is a translation for what the Persians around the world called Pars, a region in the south of Iran. Urban civilization in Persia dates back at least 9000 years.