Primary maths: Roman numerals

Sian Evans
07th December 2017
Roman numerals on clocks as part of exploring roman numerals with your primary pupils in maths lessons

Explore these time-travelling Roman numerals resources with your primary pupils

As one of the most cross-curricular topics in maths, Roman numerals is a great topic to teach because it is grounded in real-life contexts. To help your students get to grips with these ancient methods of counting, we've hand-picked some of the best resources that will ensure mistakes are a thing of the past. 

Classroom activities

With the ever-present historical theme, these imaginative tasks offer a range of opportunities to decipher and play around with Roman numerals. Whether your class are telling the time or working on place value, there are plenty of ways for them to consolidate their understanding. 


KS2: Roman Numerals Resource Pack (UPDATED)

This is a complete resource pack for teaching Roman Numeral objectives in KS2. Included is an 37 page flip-chart (I have uploaded in ActivInspire, PowerPoint and PDF format) to help deliver the lessons, a 34 page booklet of differentiated activities including games, worksheets and an assessment. I have also included a 5 page planning tool so that you can copy and paste plans into your own planning format and adjust as you wish for each activity. Furthermore, I have included Word versions so you can adapt all activities to your own pupils' needs if required. This pack will save you hours and hours and hours of planning and generating worksheets, games, activities, flip-charts and assessments. NOW ADDED: Random worksheet generator - create worksheets in seconds to practise converting Roman numerals!

Objectives covered:
Tell and write the time from an analogue clock, including using Roman numerals from I to XII, and 12-hour and 24-hour clocks
Read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C) and know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero and place value
Read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals

PLEASE NOTE: This pack is now available in a bundle...

KS2 Maths Resources Bundle

More like this...
Coordinates and Translations
Equivalent Fractions
Negative Numbers
Primary Maths and Science Assessments Bundle
By mrajlong

Roman Numerals Hidden Message: A Rome Activity involving Roman numerals.

Make learning about Roman numerals fun with this hidden message from Julius Caesar.

Your kids will love cracking this code. In cracking this code they will learn how to read Roman numerals.
By WaterfallLearning

Roman Numerals Scales Lesson Bundle

A complete lesson bundle to allow the children to practise reading and writing Roman Numerals, contains teaching activities and children's tasks.
By Miss G

Roman Numerals mastery KS2

Roman Numeral addition and subtraction questions with numbers missing
LIX - ??? = XIV

3 differentiated sheets - bronze, silver and gold.

Also, an extension task on roman numeral sequences
(quite tricky with square and cubed numbers and prime numbers)
By MissFincham

Lesson ideas

Make sure you take the time to explain and explore the value of Roman numerals with your class using these comprehensive introductions. This will allow learners to fully grasp how the symbols work and practice working with them.


Roman Numbers made easy

I put together this simple Ms-Powerpoint presentation to explain Roman Numbers to year/grade 3/4 kids. My daughter loves it and is now empowered to compute any Roman number to its decimal value or vice versa. There is no need to memorise charts of Roman numbers. Simply make kids understand the logic (or bottomline - as I tell it to my daughter!) and it will all be easy. I think this is quite enough for the level that grade 3/4 kids need to know. They can do more thorough research on Roman numerals, as they grow up of course!
By bgodha

Read Roman Numerals to 100 (I to C)

Please find within this download:

A detailed and engaging PowerPoint, Differentiated (SEN, LA, MA, HA & Mastery) Worksheet with Answer Sheet for a complete lesson on this National Curriculum Statement.

The PowerPoint has the following features:

→ Differentiated starter activity (plus extension)
→ Extremely logical and simplistic explanations with animated examples and pictures to aid learning
→ Shows how Roman Numerals began, their origin and how we now use the Arabic Number system
→ Explains how we can convert between the two different number systems
→ Clearly identifies three rules to remember when converting between the two systems
→ Helpful animations rather than obtrusive and/or pointless 'gimmicky' animations.
→ Opportunities for AfL embedded within the presentation to assess children's knowledge
→ Learning Objective & differentiated success criteria which is clearly visible for all children
→ Animated count-down timer so children know how long they have left of the lesson (this is also good for teachers as it reminds you when to do mini-plenaries/feedback/etc).
→ Plenary activity to assess progress made during the lesson

The Word Document has the following features:

→ Differentiated activities on one sheet from SEN, LA, MA, HA and Mastery Challenge
→ Coloured activity boxes to help you quickly assign tasks to children
→ Learning objective and short date (which automatically updates to the day you open the document)
→ Differentiated success criteria that link with the PowerPoint
→ Answer sheet included for all questions

Explore our other Year 4 Place Value Lessons:

Counting in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 1000
Find 1000 more or less than a given number
Recognise the value of each digit in a 4 digit number (1000s, 100s, 10s and 1s)
Order and compare numbers beyond 1000
Identify, Represent and Estimate numbers using different representations
By PrimaryPros

Roman Numerals PowerPoint for KS2

Read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognize years written in Roman numerals.

This resource explores Roman Numerals with various games, activities, questions and extensions used with my previous classes in Years 5 and 6. Printable slides for resources in white.

Clear layout and simply formatted to make it quick and easy editing for your class!

Please leave a review for anything you like/anything you think could be improved on.
By LeoLymanResources

Roman numerals KS2 maths resources: powerpoints display posters clock and cards

This pack meets the new curriculum requirements for teaching Roman numerals in KS2 - Year 3, 4 and 5.
It covers Roman numerals on a clock; an explanation and history of Roman numerals; Roman numerals to 100 and to 1000
It consists of powerpoint lessons, display, headings, worksheets and activities
By highwaystar

Games and displays

Discovering Roman numerals for the first time is a bit like learning a secret code – so why not have some fun with it? Your pupils are guaranteed to get excited about this selection of competitive challenges, which offer a twist on traditional ideas.


Year 5/6 Roman Numerals - Treasure Hunt

I was struggling to find an interesting way to teach and consolidate Roman numerals with my Year 5 class so I created this treasure hunt for the children to complete. Not only are the clues numbered with Roman numerals but they also feature questions (in Roman numerals) for the children to solve to find the letters to crack the secret message.

Please feel free to adapt or change any of the clues to suit your school. The children really enjoyed this activity and spent a good hour rushing around searching for and working out the clues.

This pack includes, a teacher sheet, an answer sheet for the children and large cards for the clues. I laminated the cards first before placing them around as it was a bit damp when we did this! The children had clipboards and paper to do any working out on.

Note: Remember to make a plan of where the clues are hidden and place them at the number BEFORE stated on the card. So for clue one, I read this one out loud to the children and then said 'GO' and they all had to run off and find the first clue, the second clue was placed at the answer to the clue of number one, and so on...

It took a long time to think of the clues (which is why they're so cheesy), so hopefully someone benefits from this activity! Any feedback would be greatly appreciated! Enjoy :)
By annarose93

KS2 Roman Numerals Game

This resource has six differentiated levels for Year 4 and Year 5 children to recognise Roman Numerals and match them to digits.

You can find more Roman Numerals resources here:
By ClassroomSecrets

Roman Numeral Spinner Game

Spinner game for identifying Roman Numerals up to 1000.

Two games in one. both sets of instructions are on the sheet.

Inspired by Tara Loughran.
By ryan-brewer

Roman Numerals Hundred Square

Roman Numerals Hundred Square: A clear Hundred Square Poster showing all numbers 1-100 in Roman Numerals. Also includes rules for reading and writing Roman Numerals and a handy mnemonic to aid recollection of the symbols used.

For more Outstanding Resources for Outstanding Teachers, please visit my website
By Helen Rachel Crossley

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